Potential Analysis of Biochar-Systems for Improved Soil and Nutrient Management in Ethiopian Agriculture
Seitz, Tobias; Solomon, Dawit
The German government has commissioned the Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) to support its partner, the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MoANR), in gaining knowledge in biochar-systems for improved soil and nutrient mangement in Ethiopian agriculture. Therefore, the aim of this report is to provide basic information about the principles of biochar systems and the prerequisites for a succesful implementation in Ethiopia. The fundamental questions this report deals with and tries to answer are: i) In which way and from which feedstock can biochar be produced in Ethiopia? ii) Which positive and negative effects does the application of biochar substrates have on the soils, the environment, the climate and on the livelihoods? iii) Which experiences have been made in Ethiopia with biochar systems? iv) Who could partner a prospective pilot project and where are the best conditions? v) Which policies and legal frameworks will affect the implementation of biochar systems?
This work was made possible through the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, BGR). We thank Dr. Andreas Möller and Dr. Anja Volk from BGR, Dr. Dawit Solomon from Cornell University, and Prof. Berhanu Belay from Injibara University (former Jimma University) for their leadership, guidance and support. Furthermore, the Soil Fertility Improvement Directorate of Ethiopia’s Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MOANR), Steffen Schulz from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Ethiopia country office are acknowledged for their excellent support and encouragement during the preparation of this report.
socio-economic scenario; Ethiopia; Climate smart biochar systems; biomass resource assessment; soil fertility improvement