Using the ADDIE Model in Designing Bibliographic Instruction
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Reinbold, Sarah; Cuddy, Colleen
Objectives To demonstrate the use of the ADDIE model (an instructional design model) in designing bibliographic instruction. Methods This poster reviews the redesign of a library workshop based on the ADDIE model of instructional design. The ADDIE model is a systematic approach to creating effective and efficient instruction based on an in-depth analysis of goals and objectives. The model emphasizes a task-based rather than knowledge-based approach to learning. By deliberately focusing on the desired performance outcome of learning, courses can be streamlined and structured in a way that is relevant to the learners, meets their needs, and facilitates active learning. This poster demonstrates the evolution of a library workshop, from pre-ADDIE format to post-ADDIE format. The ADDIE model incorporates five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. Each phase was conducted sequentially with evaluation taking place during every step. The poster gives a practical guide to implementing ADDIE in a library's bibliographic instruction development. Results Implementation of the ADDIE model resulted in a workshop that was more interactive, had multiple methods of delivery (including lecture, small group activities, online learning and self-paced discovery), and measurable learning objectives. A number of steps throughout ADDIE helped us accomplish this, including the determination of objectives mapped to student tasks, performance aids and performance tests. The ADDIE model moved instruction away from the pattern of teacher-centered knowledge dump toward a student centered interactive learning process. The ADDIE process is both cyclical and non-linear: evaluation took place during every phase. In addition, once the final phase was completed, analysis began again (based on evaluation results). As a result, the workshop was more organized, cohesive, and learner-centered than the previous format. Conclusion The ADDIE model is an iterative process that librarians can utilize in their bibliographic instruction development to create focused, learner-centered instruction that measurably meets both the librarian and the student learning goals and objectives.