Fiber Science and Apparel Design (FSAD) Theses

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Undergraduate Honors Theses in the Department of Fiber Science and Apparel Design (FSAD)in the College of Human Ecology.


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    Que Bonita: A remarkable Story of Family, Structure, and Love
    daRoza, Juliana (2022-06-21)
    I aim to design with the allure of glamor and awe. The collection is inspired by my life experience at the intersection of the Catholic Church and Mexican culture. My ambition for the collection is to demonstrate that bridal design is an art form that speaks to the fantasy of fashion at the highest level of luxury and haute couture. This collection is very personal to me: I want to honor both my cultural background and the broader culture of Mexico by creating a collection that is not only a work of art but also creates a space of Latina representation in fashion that as a young girl I wished existed for me.
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    Development and Characterization of Bioactive Polyethylene-Glycol-Polylactic-Acid Membranes for Colorimetric Glucose Sensing
    Martinez, Antonio P. (2021-04)
    Polyethylene glycol and polylactic acid bioactive membranes were developed for glucose sensor applications. Polylactic acid and polyethylene glycol were co-axially electrospun into a nonwoven, nanofibrous membrane composed of a core-sheath fiber structure. Differential scanning calorimetry and confocal microscopy were respectively utilized to confirm the polymer composition and fiber structure of the electrospun membrane. To create the bioactive membrane for glucose sensing, a bienzyme system and colorimetric agent were encapsulated in the polyethylene-glycol-polylactic-acid fiber structure. By encapsulating horseradish peroxidase and glucose oxidase in the polyethylene glycol core and o-dianisidine in the polylactic acid sheath of the fiber, immersion in glucose solutions causes the oxidized colorimetric agent to diffuse into the solution, allowing for colorimetric measurement with the glucose solution. UV-vis spectroscopy confirmed successful glucose sensing, showcasing a linear relationship in absorbance at 440 nm and mM concentration of glucose solution with a 90% activity retention with the membrane. The stability of the polyethylene-glycol-polylactic-acid bioactive membrane was found to be dependent on storage time at room temperature: activity of the membrane reduced to 79% approximately 2 months after fabrication. Future directions for this experiment include optimization of the electrospinning process to reduce needle-tip blockage from unspun polymer solution, or ‘icing’, and the reduction of the diffusion time for colorimetric glucose detection.
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    The Origin and Evolution of "Prep" and its Socioeconomic Relevance
    Lingala, Anu (2013-04-12)
    Preppy, Ivy League, WASPy, Country Club—all are used synonymously as terms for the classic collegiate look of the early to mid-twentieth century American menswear that has since been popularized, commercialized, and hyped to excess. In 2010, the Japanese cult preppy style bible Take Ivy was printed in English for the first time. The iconic book documenting fashion at American Ivy League universities was originally published in 1965, and sparked a craze for casual Americana in the authors’ homeland of Japan. Studying fashion at an Ivy League school at the time of the book’s 2010 re-issue inevitably piqued my interest in the associated preppy phenomenon, and I began to look into “prep” in America. I found that its definition seems to remain consistent regardless of who is recounting it: conventionally clean-cut, yet just a bit lazy. “A list of articles in the Preppie wardrobe would be tedious, but the following are some of the more familiar items: LL Bean boots, Top-Sider moccasins, tasseled loafers; pure wool socks, black silk socks, no socks; baggy chinos, baggy brick red…trousers, baggy Brooks Brothers trousers, baggy boxer underpants; shirts of blue, pink, yellow, or striped Oxford, sometimes buttoned down, some made for a collar pin, usually from Brooks or J. Press…jackets of tweed, corduroy, poplin, seersucker with padless shoulders, a loose fit around the waist…a shapeless beige raincoat bleached by years of use and irresistant to rain” (Aldrich, 1996: 16) But beyond its unwavering characterization as a clothing descriptor, “prep” becomes blurry. The existing literature discussing preppy style tends to glaze over its actual origins and complex evolutionary history. Different sources attribute the beginnings of “prep” to institutes ranging from preparatory schools, Ivy League universities, and White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) society, and each declares the “golden age” of preppy fashion as a different decade spanning 1890-1970. In the recent Preppy: Cultivating Ivy Style, Jeffery Banks and Doria de la Chapelle wistfully describe “the windswept and privileged style known as preppy” as having “origins rooted in the grounds of the elite Ivy League universities of the 1920s, where young, WASPy, and wealthy gentlemen invented a relaxed new way for collegians to dress” (2011: 3). However, in her book discussing WASP style, A Privileged Life, Susanna Salk claims that it was born in the 1950s among the preparatory schools of the Northeast (2007: 106). The authoritative American Fashion Menswear alternatively contends that Brooks Brothers was the original proponent of preppy style during the years 1896-1930, along with the privileged elite college students attending Ivy League Universities who helped establish the most current trends in menswear. (Bryan, 2009: 83). These excerpts provide just a sampling of the confusing and contradictory arguments regarding the development of “prep.” Thus, the aim of this paper is twofold. First, I seek to clarify and substantiate the origins of prep style, its relationship with American collegiate culture and the national class structure, and its evolution as a fashion subculture. A great deal of writing analyzes the correlation between upper class society and northeastern universities, and some material also exists on the basis and popularity of preppy fashions in collegiate culture. However, the connection bridging these interactions is rarely discussed in the existing literature, or is only mentioned on a superficial level, with no apparent evidentiary support. Through a review of literature and historical materials, I will delve into the complex symbiotic relationship between these three aspects of American society (prep style, collegiate culture, and the upper class) as it developed throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Next, I strive to attain a clear understanding of the cultural and socioeconomic significance of preppy fashion at that time in history, its function as an essential arbiter of class for the American aristocracy. I will consider the modern relevance of this historically critical relationship by looking at the development of contemporary fashion marketing and commercialization, ethnographic observation of the modern university climate, and interviews with current college students. Through my research, I determine that the declining value of this style as an indicator of class in our society is a consequence of the dilution of “prep” fashion by mass media and merchandising in the fashion industry. However, I find that, while not as precise of a gauge as it once was, prep style remains relevant as a means of providing insight regarding the wearer’s socioeconomic status and aspirations.
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    "Green" Composites Based on Recycled Paper Products and Biodegradable Resins
    Sonis, Alexandra (2009-07-27T20:07:04Z)
    "Green" composites were produced using recycled paper products first with Soy Protein Isolate (SPI)-based resin followed by starch-based resin. SPI, starch and paper are all sustainable, plant-based and yearly renewable materials. In addition, these composites offer the use of recycled paper to produce high value-added products. These composites can be engineered with desired properties to replace currently available petroleum-based composites for a variety of applications, including packaging, furniture, car parts, etc. The benefits of using these "green" composites, as opposed to petroleum-based composites, include a) elimination of pollution during production of composites, b) capability of composting without harming the environment at the end of their life, c) the elimination of harsh chemicals that can be dangerous for workers as well as the users of the product and d) the sequestration of carbon dioxide. In this thesis, fully biodegradable composites based on a variety of papers and biodegradable resins were prepared and characterized. The resin also contained plasticizers to control their mechanical properties. First, fully biodegradable SPI-based resin was prepared using glycerol as a plasticizer as well as Phytagel to enhance the mechanical properties. Additionally, fully biodegradable starch-based resins were prepared using modified starch with sorbitol as a plasticizer additive in various forms to enhance the mechanical properties. A total of six different starch-based resins were prepared, along with a total of three additives. These resins showed excellent mechanical properties, with the greatest strength being provided by the pre-gelatinized maize starch with glycol stearate (MGS) with the addition of 30% by weight Carboxyl Methyl Gum (CMG) additive and 5% by weight sorbitol plasticizer. These resins were then impregnated into recycled paper products and hot pressed into composite sheets. The recycled paper composites with the best mechanical properties were various paper towels (Georgia-Pacific Acclaim and en-Motion paper towels) and Cornell Daily Sun newspaper. This thesis discusses the mechanical properties of the resins and the composites.