Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
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    The Spiritual Singularity of Syon Abbey and its Sisters
    Roberts, Laura (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
    Of the thousands of monastic houses that once dominated the religious landscape of medieval England, all but one fell during the Reformation. The sole religious house to survive, Syon Abby, maintained its charter, community, and composition in exile and eventually returned to England to reestablish itself as an abby. This paper examines how the unique spiritual forces that shaped Syon Abbey before the Reformation also informed its cohesion in exile, drawing parallels between the house's singular religious climate and ability to survive into the modern era. It will discuss the patronage, religious practices, and spiritual vision of the Abbey and aim to shed light not just on the spirituality of one house but on the whole of monasticism in England on the eve of the Reformation.
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    Rapprochement and the Sino-Indian War of 1962
    Cheong, Daniel (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
    James William Fulbright posited that the rapprochement of peoples is only possible "when the common bond of human dignity is recognized." Yet, to what extent is this true, especially for contemporary Sino-Indian relations? The history of fractious bilateral ties between both countries suggests that the realities of conflict, rather than higher considerations of human dignity, contributed significantly to rapprochement - the re-establishment of cordial relations between two countries. In particular, this paper will argue that the implications of the Sino-Indian War in 1962 directly and indirectly brought about the rapprochement in bilateral relations that followed from 1970-1990. While it appears ironic that a war is seen as a turning point towards peaceful relations, it was indeed the case as this event chiefly demonstrated to both sides the impracticality of the Sino-Indian border dispute. Moreover, the wider realization of the comparative insignificance of this territorial altercation drove Chinese and Indian leaders to seek both a more peaceful solution and more cordial relations.
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    From Warfare to World Fair: The Ideological Commodification of Geronimo in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century United States
    Parmenter, Kai (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
    During the latter portion of the Apache Wars (1848-1886), a Chiricahua leader named Geronimo achieved considerable notoriety in Euro-American culture as an archetypally savage and antagonistic figure, and an obstacle to the realization of the United States as a non-native, non-Mexican space. However, following Geronimo's capture in 1886, he was increasingly viewed not as a villain but as a native curiosity from a vanishing sociocultural group, an ideology that would later merge with the more humanistic viewpoints of Geronimo as a heroic figure and model for native assimilation. The seemingly absolute transformation of Geronimo from despondent menace to folkloristic hero was not the product of binary, linear Anglo appropriation. Rather, it arose from an iterative, nonlinear discourse of collection and spectacle, wherein Euro-American perceptions informed one another to create and solidify a series of expectations. In examining these perceptions, this paper seeks to reconcile the disparate characters inhabited by Geronimo.
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    Disillusionment in Action: The Origins and Outcomes of US Solidarity with Chilean Refugees
    Girard, Gabrielle (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
    Fearing detention, torture, or execution under the Pinochet regime, hundreds of thousands fled Chile during the 1970s for other nations in the Americas and Europe. The United States, however, had covertly supported the installation of Pinochet's anticommunist government, and was reluctant to help the international community shelter these refugees. Nevertheless, a domestic solidarity movement in support of the Chileans realized significant cuts in U.S. aid to Pinochet's Chile in 1974 as well as a parole program for Chilean refugees in 1975. Activists on university campuses, religious groups, NGOs, and certain congressmen were most critical to propelling this solidarity movement forward. The movement found such broad support because it echoed a familiar rejection of secretive and interventionist government conduct just as the Watergate Scandal unfolded and the Vietnam War drew to a close. 1970s activism in solidarity with the refugees, consequently, reflects concerns much larger than Chile. The movement not only furthered discussion regarding the state of democracy at home, but also energized long-lasting efforts to redefine the United States' economic and political priorities abroad.
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    A Note From the Founders
    Koretzky, Maya; White, Andrew (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
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    Continuing Cornell's Historical Legacy
    Earle, Corey Ryan (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)
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    From the Editors
    Hanson, Rose; Krupski, Julia (Cornell Historical Society, 2015)