Cornell International Affairs Review - Volume 13, Number 2 (Spring 2020)

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
  • Item
    Cornell International Affairs Review: Spring 2020
    Cornell International Affairs Review, Editorial Board (Cornell University Library, 2020-06-15)
  • Item
    The Transformative Potential of High-Level Gender Equality: The Relationship Between Gendered Laws and Perceptions in Rwanda
    Ortiz, Elena (Cornell University Library, 2020-06-15)
    As part of its reconstruction process following the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi, Rwanda introduced several laws and policies protecting gender equality, which contradicted traditional patriarchal norms. This study focuses on the relationship between institutional gender reform and local perceptions. Specifically, it explores the extent to which perceptions of gender have caught up to legal changes and identifies where the greatest gaps exist across political, social, and economic spheres. Data collection occurred in two parts: quantitatively, a multiple-choice survey was distributed to 76 Rwandan adults investigating their perceptions of gender in political, social, and economic contexts. Qualitatively, structured interviews were conducted with three Rwandan gender experts in order to supplement and better explain survey findings. Both quantitative and qualitative results indicated that the greatest gaps between gender-related laws and perceptions exist at the social level, with the smallest in economic contexts. Analysis also revealed that overall, level of education was associated with more congruity between gendered laws and perceptions, while both sex and age were independent of responses. Based on these findings, this study provides recommendations for aligning gendered laws and perceptions.
  • Item
    Twitter and India's 2019 Lok Sabha Election: Comparing Indian National Parties' Campaign Strategies on Twitter
    Jin, Xiaoli (Cornell University Library, 2020-06-15)
    India’s 2019 Lok Sabha Election was one of the largest democratic elections in the world. During this election, candidates used social media to reach out to voters and advertise their policy initiatives. In this paper, I examine how India’s major parties differ in their campaign strategies on Twitter with respect to their general tweeting patterns, policy prioritizations, and messages to underrepresented voters. To conduct this research, I adopt three methods— LASSO Logistic, Mutual Information, and Keywords Subsetting—to uncover policy initiatives in tweets. My findings suggest that India’s major parties and their leaders differ in their tweeting frequency, choice of language, and the number of times they mention one another. They not only prioritize different sets of policies in their tweets, but also shift their priorities over time in response to major political events. Finally, parties and politicians also differ in the messages they deliver to underrepresented voters. The data collected from candidate and party tweets highlights a clear set of policy initiatives addressing traditionally marginalized voters.
  • Item
    China's Neocolonialism in the Political Economy of A.I. Surveillance
    Sharma, Ishan (Cornell University Library, 2020-06-15)