Crops and Forage Management

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    Solid Waste Rules Updates: What NY farmers need to know
    Workman, Kirsten (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-11-30)
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    Livestock Mortality Management
    Workman, Kirsten; Rowland, Sally; Latessa, Sara; Albrecht, Greg (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-11)
    NNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and Department of Agriculture and Markets (NYSAGM) have updated the livestock mortality management guidance to reflect recent changes in NYSDEC’s Division of Materials Management regulations for mortality burial and to clarify the allowable options for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs). After an initial interpretation in November 2023 that did not allow burial on CAFOs, the agency has reviewed and updated the guidance to allow burial in some cases for permitted farms.
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    2023 Corn silage overview
    Lawrence, Joe; Kerwin, Allison (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-10)
    The 2023 growing season varied greatly in the Northeast. These extremes were captured in fields across locations of the NY VT Corn Silage Hybrid Evaluation Program . This level of variation offers the opportunity to contrast hybrid performance in diverse environments. However, it may also reduce the usefulness of studying broader forage quality trends.
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    Corn silage harvest: An exercise in patience (2023)
    Lawrence, Joe (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-08)
    As we look across NYS and the Northeast, the 2023 growing season has thrown just about every weather scenario at us, making it hard to generalize any conditions across the state or region. However, as reports come in regarding the timing of tasseling, one general trend seems to be that the timing of tasseling is lagging behind 2022 by a week or more, despite similar planting dates. This has prompted the recycling of this title from an article shared during another challenging growing season. Due to the uncertainties of this season, we offer some follow-up ideas to build on the Corn silage harvest toolkit: 2023 edition shared last month.
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    Assessing forage crop damage from recent weather events (2023)
    Lawrence, Joe (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-07)
    Reports of isolated crop damage due to recent weather events range from flooding to hail to wind. While some of these events have impacted relatively small areas in NY, the damage is greater in other areas of the Northeast. Regardless of whether a few acres or several fields were affected, it is helpful to get out and scout your crops to understand the impacts.
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    Strategies for hay crops 2023
    Lawrence, Joe; Workman, Kirsten (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-06)
    The 2023 season has been a roller coaster for producing dairy quality hay crops across NYS. With widespread dry conditions throughout much of May, many experienced below average first cutting yields, though there were pockets with reports of average or better yields. There was better news on the quality front, with reports of average to above average forage quality for timely harvested first cutting being fairly uniform across the state.
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    Considerations for N-fixing biologicals in corn production
    Lawrence, Joe; Workman, Kirsten; Ketterings, Quirine (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-05)
    In recent years, products containing nitrogen (N) fixing bacteria have been marketed for their ability to supply N to a corn crop. With recent volatility in fertilizer markets, farmers are interested in using biologicals for nitrogen management, but data are needed to truly understand when and how they can provide a production benefit in our region, for cropping systems on both cash grain and dairy operations, with and without a manure history.
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    NYS Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) permit: Important information for manure applicators
    Workman, Kirsten; Albrecht, Greg; Latessa, Sara (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-01)
    A Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) is an animal feeding operation (livestock farm) that meets certain animal size thresholds and that also confines those animals for 45 days or more in any 12-month period in an area that does not produce vegetation. New York state has roughly 500 CAFOs, the majority of which are dairy farms with 300 or more cows. The permit was first issued in 1999 and is designed to protect surface and groundwater from discharges of agricultural pollution (manure, litter, process wastewater, food processing waste, digestate, or releases from feed storage areas) to waters of the state. The current permit (GP-0-22-01) went into effect on January 23, 2023 and has a term of 10 years. This is a non-discharge permit and sets forth the requirements necessary to ensure livestock operations are designed, constructed, operated and maintained to not discharge.
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    Usage of imported food processing waste and food wastes on dairy CAFO farms
    Oliver, Jason; Workman, Kirsten (PRO-DAIRY, 2023-01)
    Updates to the New York Environmental Conservation Law General Permit No. GP-0-22-001 (effective January 23, 2023) and other state regulations affect the usage of off-farm food wastes on concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFOs) and in anaerobic digesters (ADs). A new PRO-DAIRY fact sheet offers guidance on importing food and food processing wastes on CAFO farms.
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    2022 Corn silage overview
    Lawrence, Joe; Kerwin, Allison (PRO-DAIRY, 2022-10)
    As 2022 corn silage sits in storage, hopefully fermenting for the next few months before being fed out, it is helpful to understand how this crop might feed compared to previous years. These results offer an indicator of what to expect when transitioning into the 2022 crop. The location-to-location weather variability in 2022 increases the importance of focusing on location specific data where weather patterns were most similar to your farm’s location.