CIPA Professional Reports

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    China-LAC Energy Cooperation
    Lu, Jun (2018-05)
    This paper conducts research on China's current policy support and Latin American and Caribbean countries' (LAC) energy mix background, as well as the environmental impact of traditional energy. China launched a plan entitled the China-Latin American and Caribbean Countries Cooperation Plan (2015-2019) several years ago, demonstrating its ambition to cooperate with LAC countries, especially in the energy and natural resources sector. Although LAC countries have experienced rapid development in the renewable energy sector in recent years, it still has a relatively large share of traditional non-renewable energy in its energy mix. In the last decades, China invested more and more in LAC in the energy sector. However, cooperation still needs to be enhanced in the renewable energy sector.
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    Integrating Gender and Human Rights in UNODC Evaluations
    Mangi, Sarang (2018-05)
    The main objective of this report is to help UNODC improve the integration of human rights and gender in its evaluations. This report will provide an analysis of best practices in UNODC's evaluations. Further, the report will look for common themes in UNODC evaluations with regards to human rights and gender. After that, the report would provide a section of findings on Human Rights and gender. Based on the findings and based practices, the paper shall propose recommendations for UNODC to help the organization integrate human rights and gender in its evaluation report. A section dedicated to analysis of UNODC Evaluation EQAs is also included. Finally, the report provides an ANNEX on list of human rights instruments and specific articles relevant to the programming of UNODC. The report also includes an ANNEX on EQA criteria directly linked with mandate of UNODC This professional report intends to add value towards UNODC' recent effort to increase visibility and highlight the assessment of human rights and gender considerations in its evaluation reports.
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    Positioning Dirkosh Crunch for growth in International Markets
    Quilligan, Emma (2018-05)
    This report is designed to assist Dirkosh, an Ethiopian enterprise producing teff-based snacks, in their goal of expanding their business to international markets. The research is comprised of three main sections: desk research conducted during fall 2017 into international markets for healthier snacks; in-country consultation in January 2018 as part of the Student Multidisciplinary Applied Research Teams (SMART) program; and further studies carried out in spring 2018, primarily a proof of concept test conducted at the Vegan Life Live festival in London, UK, in February 2018 and a stated preference choice experiment conducted online during April 2018. The analysis is broken down into seven sections, each of which evaluates a different aspect of the challenges currently being faced by Dirkosh and proposes recommendations on how Dirkosh can move forward in mitigating or overcoming these challenges. A market analysis – based on the political, economic, socio-cultural, and technological (PEST) approach – is used to assess the opportunities and challenges facing Dirkosh in international markets and provides a context for Dirkosh to position its product and brand within these markets. The target demographic is defined so that Dirkosh can better develop their communication and strategy to leverage the enthusiasm of their target audience for the product. The report then addresses Dirkosh's core competencies and how the company can better utilize its strengths to grow the business. A lack of financial modelling and investment is currently hampering Dirkosh's potential to export and attract external investors, thus this report highlights the importance of robust accounting and proposes potential sources of funding. While Dirkosh already manufactures one product, Dirkosh Crunch, the company is still working on developing the product itself, as well as its branding and packaging. This report outlines proper processing procedures that will enable Dirkosh to improve its efficiency, as well as ensure reliable, high-quality product for their distributors and retailers. A branding strategy is also supplied so that Dirkosh can work to build its brand, in online, written and verbal communications, product packaging, and social media. This will assist Dirkosh not only in promoting Dirkosh Crunch but also any other products the company develops in future. Finally, the benefits of nutritional labelling and social certification are discussed. This gives Dirkosh better insights into what their potential consumers value, and what they should focus on when marketing their products.
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    Analyzing the Relationship Between Production and Consumption Diversity in Rural India
    Sharma, Vanisha (2018-05)
    While much of the current literature on nutrition emphasizes consumption diversity of diets, lesser empirical research is available on production side of diversity. This study seeks to explore any potential relationship between the household consumption and production diversity in rural India. While consumption diversity is measured by individual and household diet diversity scores measured using guidelines from the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN, production diversity is measured by developing a production diversity index with a similar methodology as the diet diversity score. The study finds no significant relationship between the production and consumption diversity indexes, and discusses other possible variables that might affect the two indexes.
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    Selected Policy Measures Against the Debt Distress in Mongolia
    Telmuun Byambaragchaa (2017-05)
    The objective of this report is to examine the public external debt sustainability of Mongolia, and to propose appropriate regulatory actions for ongoing debates about economic reform. Following sharp external shocks that include a drop in foreign direct investment and a depreciation of the national currency, the country is at a critical moment of determining whether to default on its external debts or correct structural policy failures. Therefore, it is important that Mongolia identify its level of debt distress and determine which structural reforms should take place.
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    Innovative Financing Methods for Construction and Maintenance of Infrastructure in China
    Hongwei Xu (2017-08)
    This report first provides a historical review of the financing methods that the Chinese government has used for infrastructure construction and maintenance and identifies the financial shortage currently faced by many Chinese provincial governments in their local infrastructure financing. The report then introduces some innovative financing methods used by several of the more developed countries with most of them proven to be effective and actionable in addressing the issues created by financial constraints. The report finally gives some suggestions and recommendations for relevant administrative units in local government about how to adopt or adapt these methods by taking into consideration the specific economic and political contexts of China. (As infrastructure is such a broad and complex subject, the methods introduced in this report will mainly focus on transportation infrastructure. There are other domains of infrastructure such as telecommunications, power and energy, which are a bit different in terms of the stakeholders, technology, and dynamics. Accordingly, this analysis and its recommendations can be applied to these other domains only mutatis mutandis.)