Potential-Analysis of Biochar Systems for Improved Soil and Nutrient Management in Ethiopian Agriculture
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Soils are one of the most valuable resources on earth and are one of the most important foundation of food security. Particularly in tropical and subtropical Africa, soils are affected by degradation, which has a negative impact on agricultural production. The arable and pasture land of the Ethiopian highlands form the basis for the livelihood of a large part of the population, though being one of the most degraded areas in the world. More efforts must therefore be made to stop the progressive soil degradation and, where possible, to reverse it.
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This work was made possible through the generous financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through the Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR, The German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources). We thank the Soil Fertility Improvement Directorate of Ethiopia’s Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MOANR), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Ethiopia country office, Jimma University, Cornell University, and Biochar Europe UG for the excellent support and encouragement during the preparation of this report. We also express our special gratitude to Andreas Möller and Anja Volk from BGR and to Tefera Solomon and Kassaye Tilahun from the Soil Fertility Improvement Directorate of Ethiopia’s MOANR for their leadership, guidance and support without whom this work would not have been possible.
socio-economic scenarios; Ethiopia; Climate smart biochar systems; biomass resource assessment; soil fertility improvement
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