The Vicos Collection documents one of the most ambitious projects of applied anthropology ever attempted in Latin America. The collection takes its name from an hacienda in the northern highlands (Ancash province) of Peru which for many decades practiced commercial agriculture with a servile, native American labor force. Over fifteen years, beginning in 1951, Cornell University administered a series of enterprises designed to bring the residents of Vicos from serfdom into the modern world.

Under Allan R. Holmberg's vigorous leadership, the Cornell Peru Project introduced primary education, modern agricultural techniques and government by consensus to "Vicosinos." At the same time, the former hacienda became something of a laboratory for social science research. The population was surveyed psychologically, physiologically, and economically. Summer research programs from a number of North American universities and Peace Corps training took place in Vicos. Holmberg's premature death in 1966 coincided with the end of the Cornell's formal involvement with the community.

The debate over the efficacy of the Vicos project, and of applied social sciences, endures to this day.

To view the complementary collection website please visit http://vicos.library.cornell.edu

Recent Submissions

  • Vicos Census, 1963: Qoyroqsho 

    Unknown author (Cornell University, 1963)
    From the Allan R. Holmberg collection on Peru, circa 1946-1966. Location: Kroch Library Rare and Manuscripts (Non-Circulating). Call# Archives 14-24-1529. Box Location: Box 7. Folder Location: Folder 6.
  • Vicos Purchase Agreement 

    Unknown author (Cornell University, 1962)
    From the Allan R. Holmberg collection on Peru, circa 1946-1966. Location: Kroch Library Rare and Manuscripts (Non-Circulating). Call # Archives 14-24-1529. Box Location: Box 1. Folder Location: Folder 1.
  • Peru Laws, 1820-1961 

    Unknown author (Cornell University, 1961)
    From the Allan R. Holmberg collection on Peru, circa 1946-1966. Location: Kroch Library Rare and Manuscripts (Non-Circulating). Call# Archives 14-24-1529. Box Location: Box 1. Folder Location: Folder 7.
  • Vicos Census, 1963: Qashi 

    Unknown author (Cornell University, 1963)
    From the Allan R. Holmberg collection on Peru, circa 1946-1966. Location: Kroch Library Rare and Manuscripts (Non-Circulating). Call# Archives 14-24-1529. Box Location: Box 7. Folder Location: Folder 5.
  • Correspondence Vicosinos 

    Unknown author (Cornell University, 1956)
    From the Allan R. Holmberg collection on Peru, circa 1946-1966. Location: Kroch Library Rare and Manuscripts (Non-Circulating). Call# Archives 14-24-1529. Box Location: Box 21. Folder Location: Folder 12.

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