The decline in the employment rate for people with disabilities: Bad data, bad health, or bad policy?
Burkhauser, Richard V.; Stapleton, David C.
A major debate has begun over reports of an unprecedented decline in the employment of working age people with disabilities over the 1990s business cycle. Here we review the literature on what can and cannot be said with current data on this subject and conclude that this decline is not an artifact of the data. We then review the various explanations and evidence for this decline and conclude that it was caused by changes in social policy rather than increases in the severity of the underlying health conditions and impairments of this population. The implication is that significant changes in public policy are needed to more effectively integrate working age people with disabilities into employment. We identify and discuss the most promising directions for public policy in this area.
benefits; charts; data; dependence; Disability Employment Research; EDIcat4-DER; disability policy; Disability Programs; disability statistics; earnings; economic; economics; economy; employ; employing; employment; estimates; Federal Insurance Contributions Act; FICA; figures; graphs; Guiding Principles; income; information; Insurance; Labor Market; lack of income; long term disability; maternity leave; need; numbers; OASDI; Old Age; Survivors and Disability; Old Age; Survivors; and Disability Insurance; paternity leave; policies; policy; poor; poverty; procedures; public policy; public programs; regulation; retirement; rules; self-employment; short term disability; Social Security; Social Security Disability Insurance; SSDI; SSI; statistic; statistics; stats; statute; Supplemental Security Income; welfare; work
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