Urban Poverty in Asia
Asian Development Bank
[Excerpt] This paper on Urban Poverty in Asia looks at the different dimensions of poverty in Asia, both income and nonincome, its two main regions, including a brief account of who and what class of people are affected most by poverty and deprivation. This paper analyzes the effect of recent urbanization and gross domestic product (GDP) growth trends—which distinguish Asia from other regions—on poverty. It also simultaneously explores other factors that may have affected poverty levels in Asia, delves into the key features of urban poverty in selected Asian countries, and looks at public policy responses and initiatives that Asian countries have taken to address issues on access of the urban poor to services, livelihood, shelter, and social security systems. The paper concludes that Asia is in the midst of urban poverty and deprivation challenges that are evolving with the processes of growth and urbanization—the PRC being a case in point. The welfare of the millions of urban poor will depend on how Asia, where many of its cities represent the new global frontier, and the world prepare for the inevitable growth of urbanization, and how this phenomenon of urbanization is managed and taken forward.
urban poverty; Asia; urbanization; gross domestic product; GDP; public policy
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