Why High and Low Performers Leave and What They Find Elsewhere: Job Performance Effects on Employment Transitions
Trevor , Charlie O.; Hausknecht, John P.; Howard, Michael J.
Little is known about how high and low performers differ in terms of why they leave their jobs, and no work examines whether pre-quit job performance matters for post-quit new-job outcomes. Working with a sample of approximately 2,500 former employees of an organization in the leisure and hospitality industry, we find that the reported importance of a variety of quit reasons differs both across and within performance levels. Additionally, we use an ease-of-movement perspective to predict how pre-quit performance relates to post-quit employment, new-job pay, and new-job advancement opportunity. Job type, tenure, and race interacted with performance in predicting new-job outcomes, suggesting explanations grounded in motivation, signaling, and discrimination in the external job market.
HR; job performance; industries; employee turnover; employee; environment; selection; management; retention practice; labor; human resource; small business; ease of movement; job; pay; tenure; advancement; job market