Paved with Good Intentions: The Failure of Passive Disability Policy in Canada
It is common in the disability community to speak of unfulfilled aspirations for full citizenship and participation in the mainstream of Canadian society. In Canada, as in much of the developed world, many adults with disabilities remain outside the mainstream, especially in regard to economic opportunities. Unfortunately, many of the disability policies currently pursued by Canadian governments are unlikely to improve this situation, and may in fact make it worse. This paper offers a critical analysis of a common instrument of current disability policy, the passive cash benefit. I will focus, in particular, on the effects of passive transfers on prospects for adults with disabilities to reach their full income potential through employment. I will attempt to establish that passive income support strategies – for adults with disabilities and for low-income people in general – force their intended beneficiaries to sacrifice employment prospects for help with short-term income needs, a trade-off that reinforces poverty and dependency over the longer term.
Disability Rights; Disability Rights Laws; Civil Rights; Equal Opportunity; protection; barriers; bar; barrier; blocks; impediments; limitation; obstacles; disability; developmental disabled; disabilities; disable; disabled; disablement; disabling; handicap; handicapped; impairment; learning disability; limitation; mental handicap; mental retardation; physical disability; special need; bias; bigotry; discriminate; discriminating; inequity; intolerance; prejudice; separation; single out; stereotype; unfairness; diversity; array; assortment; different; disparate; distinct; diverse; diversities; special; unlike; unusual; variety; employment; earnings; employ; employing; self-employment; work; impair; impaired; inclusion; exclusion; include; included; international; cross-national; global; worldwide; policy; disability policy; guiding principles; policies; procedures; public policy; public programs; regulation; rules; statue; social security; income security; benefits; disability programs; insurance; long term disability; disability insurance; citizenship; allegiance; community; country; political home; society; productivity; output; work rate; capacity; competency; aptitude; aptness; capability; facility; faculty; welfare; aid; assistance; support
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Promising Practices: Advanced Referral System - Illinois Division of Rehabilitation Services, BPA&O Project Human Services Center Otto, Barbara; Coburn, John; Gallagher Watkin, Laura; Boyle, Mike (2005-02-01)Changes in disability policy at the state and federal level have presented many new opportunities for meaningful systems change and services delivery for people with disabilities. Since 2000, the Social Security Administration, ...
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