Title IX Compliance and Preference for Men in College Admissions
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Title IX has undoubtedly increased athletic opportunities for young high school and college women. What is less well understood is whether Title IX has had the unintended consequence of decreasing educational opportunities for young women relative to men. This paper examines the relationship between a university's compliance with Title IX via the proportionality standard and the subsequent admit rate difference by sex. I find that a lower proportionality measure, indicating a lack of Title IX compliance, results in an increase in preference for non-athlete males in college admissions.
Title IX; college athletics; gender inequality; admissions
Required Publisher Statement: Published by the Cornell Higher Education Research Institute, Cornell University.