Contribution to the Theory of Indexing
Salton, Gerard; Yang, C. S.; Yu, C. T.
An attempt is made to characterize the usefulness of terms occurring in stored documents and user queries as a function of their frequency characteristics across the documents of a collection. It is found that the best terms are those having medium frequency in the collection and skewed frequency distributions. Correspondingly, terms exhibiting either very high or very low document frequency are not as useful. To improve the indexing vocabulary, it becomes necessary to group low frequency terms into classes, and to break up high frequency terms by forming phrases. An indexing theory is described based on term frequency considerations, and a new phrase generation method is introduced. The resulting improvements in the indexing vocabulary are evaluated.
computer science; technical report
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