Collective Phenomena in Quantum Gases
Motivated by rapid experimental progress in the fields of ultracold atoms and quantum optics, I present a series of theoretical studies which explore collective phenomena in quantum gases of atoms and photons. In Chapter 1, I highlight the major developments in the research field and identify the overarching themes and motivations. I also provide a roadmap for the rest of the thesis and summarize the main results. The remaining eight chapters contain original studies, organized along three broad motifs. In Chapters 2 through 5, I investigate how the nature of collective excitations and quasiparticles can be explored in modern experiments. More specifically, I model the dynamics of a spin impurity in a Bose lattice gas, develop a protocol for observing fractionalized excitations or anyons in an optical cavity, and characterize the collective dynamics of Bogoliubov quasiparticles and domain walls in a Fermi superfluid. In Chapters 6 and 7, I examine unconventional superfluid phases in spin-imbalanced Fermi gases. In particular, I propose a novel technique for engineering the long-sought-after Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase and study the relative stability of exotic phases across a dimensional crossover. Finally, Chapters 8 and 9 are devoted to studies of kinetics in out-of-equilibrium systems. I model the formation of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a dimple trap and characterize the approach to thermal equilibrium in quasi-one-dimensional geometries.
Atomic physics; Condensed matter physics; Anyon; Bose condensate; Fermi superfluid; FFLO; Quantum gas; soliton; Quantum physics
Parpia, Jeevak M.; Elser, Veit
Ph. D., Physics
Doctor of Philosophy
dissertation or thesis