Spatial Inequality in Education and Health Care in China
Zhang, Xiaobo; Kanbur, Ravi
While increasing income inequality in China has been commented on and studied extensively, relatively little analysis is available on inequality in other dimensions of human development. Using data from different sources, this paper presents some basic facts on the evolution of spatial inequalities in education and healthcare in China over the long run. In the era of economic reforms, as the foundations of education and healthcare provision have changed, so has the distribution of illiteracy and infant mortality. Across provinces and within provinces, between rural and urban areas and within rural and urban areas, social inequalities have increased substantially since the reforms began.
WP 2003-35 October 2003JEL Classification Codes: D63; O15; O18
Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University
illiteracy; infant mortality rate; spatial inequality in China; polarization