Cluster Ensembles for Network Anomaly Detection
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Munson, Art; Caruana, Rich
Cluster ensembles aim to find better, more natural clusterings by combining multiple clusterings. We apply ensemble clustering to anomaly detection, hypothesizing that multiple views of the data will improve the detection of attacks. Each clustering rates how anomalous a point is; ratings are combined by averaging or taking either the minimum, the maximum, or median score. The evaluation shows that taking the median prediction from the cluster ensemble results in better performance than single clusterings. Surprisingly, averaging the individual predictions a) leads to worse performance than that of individual clusterings, and b) performs identically to taking the minimum prediction from the ensemble. This counter-intuitive result stems from asymmetric prediction distributions.
computer science; technical report
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