Linear Time Algorithms Based on Multilevel Prefix Tree for Finding Shortest Path with Positive Weights and Minimum Spanning Tree in a Networks
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In this paper I present general outlook on questions relevant to the basic graph algorithms; Finding the Shortest Path with Positive Weights and Minimum Spanning Tree. I will show so far known solution set of basic graph problems and present my own. My solutions to graph problems are characterized by their linear worst-case time complexity. It should be noticed that the algorithms which compute the Shortest Path and Minimum Spanning Tree problems not only analyze the weight of arcs (which is the main and often the only criterion of solution hitherto known algorithms) but also in case of identical path weights they select this path which walks through as few vertices as possible. I have presented algorithms which use priority queue based on multilevel prefix tree -- PTrie. PTrie is a clever combination of the idea of prefix tree -- Trie, the structure of logarithmic time complexity for insert and remove operations, doubly linked list and queues. In C++ I will implement linear worst-case time algorithm computing the Single-Destination Shortest-Paths problem and I will explain its usage.
computer science; technical report
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