The impact of globalization on food systems is of a very complex nature. The cases prepared for this section address the impact of trade and agricultural policies in both high- and low-income countries as well as the impact of other elements of globalization such as the international expansion and concentration of the private food sector. These cases discuss the impact of trade and domestic agricultural policies in OECD countries on low-income countries and low-income people, available policy options for alleviating these negative consequences, and the effect of tariff escalation and non-tariff trade barriers.

Recent Submissions

  • Preference Erosion, the Doha Round, and African LDCs 

    Yu, Wusheng (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    African least-developed countries (ALDCs) have enjoyed preferential treatment in exporting their agricultural products to developed countries. Reductions of agricultural trade barriers on a mostfavored nation (MFN) basis ...
  • Trade Liberalization in South Korea's Rice Sector: Some Policy Implications 

    Hong, Sukjong; Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The tension between the liberalizing agenda of the World Trade Organzation (WTO) and the policies of industrial-country members of the WTO has been framed as a battle between developed countries and less-developed countries. ...
  • Vietnam's Aquaculture Trade: Food Safety and Sanitation Issues 

    Thanh, Le Ha; Chuong, Pham Hong (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
    Vietnam's rapidly increasing seafood exports have made a significant contribution to the country's economic development over the past few years, largely as a result of vastly increased production from aquaculture. Currently, ...
  • Meeting Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Standards: What Can China Do? 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    It is widely recognized that rising sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards have created numerous obstacles to the international exchange of agricultural commodities. The issue is of particular importance for developing ...
  • Tariff Escalation in World Agricultural Trade 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Tariff escalation, a common practice in international commodity trade, refers to a situation where tariffs are zero or low on primary products and increase, or escalate, as products undergo processing. It causes the price ...
  • The Impact of U.S. Subsidies on West African Cotton Production 

    Woodward, Andrea R. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Cotton subsidies and their impact on international prices and on the livelihoods of poor African cotton farmers have become a central focus of the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. ...
  • The Coffee Crisis: Is Fair Trade the Solution? 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Coffee is an important crop widely grown in the developing world. The economies of some countries, particularly those in Central America and parts of Africa, are highly dependent on coffee as a source of both national ...
  • CAFTA's Impact on U.S. Raw Cane Sugar Trade 

    Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Sugar trade has been at the heart of many international trade agreements. Sugar is one of the largest agricultural industries in the United States and thus is a sensitive commodity. Groups around the world have a vested ...
  • The Textile and Clothing Agreements 

    Shemin, Jill S. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Demand for textiles and clothing (T&C) has been rising quickly in the developed world (the European Union and United States), and it is forecast to grow further in the future. At the same time, especially during the past ...
  • Miami Rice in Haiti: Virtue or Vice? 

    Phillips, Erica; Watson, II, Derrill D. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2011)
    Critics of free trade often use Haiti as a poster child for failed trade liberalization policies. In 2010, 15 years after the second round of trade liberalization in Haiti, U.S. President Bill Clinton, who was instrumental ...

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