While the term "food policy" is often interpreted to mean sectorial, micro, or meso policies, food systems are strongly influenced by macroeconomic policies, as illustrated by the cases in this section. Institutions enter into food systems in a variety of ways at local, national, and international levels, and institutional innovation is a critical element of effective policy design and implementation. The cases discuss these issues and the related role of governments, along with the impact of instability and armed conflict on food security and lessons for government action.

Recent Submissions

  • Brain Drain of Health Professionals in Tanzania 

    Juma, Adinan; Kangalawe, Allen G.; Dalrymple, Elizabeth; Kanyenda, Tiwonge (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2012)
    Migration of health professionals worldwide has resulted in an unequal distribution of medical staff globally. The movement of medical staff out of some developing countries, often termed brain drain, affects the health ...
  • Implementing a Decentralized National Food and Nutrition Security System in Brazil 

    Kepple, Anne W.; Maluf, Renato S.; Burlandy Luciene (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2012)
    Brazil entered the new millennium with a stabilized economy and a better-nourished population enjoying greater access to health care and education than in the past. Economic growth and a strong government commitment to ...
  • The Role of Government in the Labeling of GM Food 

    Emma, Camille (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
    Food labels embody a range of attributes: a salad bag may be organic, a yogurt may be low fat, and potato chips may be all natural. Each year, food companies create new and innovative labels to market their products. In ...
  • Development Strategies, Macroeconomic Policies, and the Agricultural Sector inZambia 

    Resnick, Danielle; Thurlow, James (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2008)
    At its independence in 1964, Zambia, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, was perceived to have a bright future. The country was endowed with vast natural resources, including favorable agroecological conditions and ...
  • Coffee, Policy, and Stability in Mexico 

    Ávalos-Sartorio, Beatriz (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The fact that poor people will resort to violence to change the political and economic system that they believe is responsible for their poverty is not new. The link between poverty, violence, and instability has started ...
  • Biosafety, Trade, and the Cartagena Protocol 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Global production of genetically modified (GM) agricultural commodities has increased significantly in the past decade. Some people see GM crops as offering new hope in addressing some of the most serious problems that ...
  • The Sugar Controversy 

    Vio, Fernando; Uauy, Ricardo (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Sugar, one of the world's most important food commodities, provides a high percentage of calories for the population in many countries. But consumption of calories either as sugar or fat by sedentary populations promotes ...
  • The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Developing Countries: The Brazil–U.S. Cotton Case 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is often seen as one of the major achievements of the multilateral trading system. Many believe that the WTO DSM has introduced greater “legalism” ...
  • Cambodia's WTO Accession 

    Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Since the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 with 128 members, an additional 21 countries have successfully acceded to the organization. On October 13, 2004, Cambodia became the WTO's 148th member, ...
  • Linkages between Government Spending, Growth, and Poverty in India and China 

    Fan, Shenggen (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The objective of this case study is to present a synthesis of the links between government spending— in areas such as agricultural research and development (R&D), irrigation, rural education, and infrastructure (including ...

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