The cases in this section present and discuss various policy options to assist farmers to expand production, increase incomes, improve food security, and manage production and market risks. Emphasis is on policies that mitigate the negative effects of potential or actual famines, droughts, and a series of other threats facing small farmers and pastoralists. The cases also discuss land distribution policies, research and technology policies, and policies that facilitate the production of biofuel without negative effects on food security.

Recent Submissions

  • Development Issues in the Traditional Livestock Sector of the Kyrgyz Republic 

    Nefedjev, Ivan; Bolotbekova, Aida (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
    The Kyrgyz Republic is a country in Central Asia with an area of 199.9 square kilometers and a population of 6 million. More than three-quarters of the territory is covered by mountains. The share of agriculture in GDP is ...
  • Urban Agriculture in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

    Schmidt, Stephan (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2011)
    Rapid urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa has led to serious concerns about household food security in urban areas. Urban agriculture, which includes both crop production and livestock raising, has been recognized as serving ...
  • The Fertilizer Subsidy Program in Sri Lanka 

    Weerahewa, Jeevika; Kodithuwakku, Sarath S.; Ariyawardana, Anoma (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
    Rice is not only the staple food of Sri Lanka, but also a part and parcel of the rural livelihood of the country. The Government of Sri Lanka has introduced a number of policies and programs to increase paddy production ...
  • The Black Bengal Goat as a Tool to Promote Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural West Bengal 

    Biswas, Subhasish (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
    Goats are an integral part of rural India's symbiotic system of crop and livestock production and make up a significant part of the livestock wealth of the country. Over the past 25 years or so, the Indian livestock industry ...
  • Pros and Cons of Cotton Production in Uzbekistan 

    Djanibekov, Nodir; Rudenko, Inna; Lamers, John P. A.; Bobojonov, Ihtiyor (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
    Cotton production and export have a long history in Uzbekistan. The production of cotton, also called white gold, has long been a strategic centerpiece of the economy of Uzbekistan, which ranks second among world cotton ...
  • Biodiesel and India's Rural Economy 

    Rhoads, James (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    With annual economic growth rates of more than 7 percent and a population of well over a billion, India has a huge amount of global clout, both economically and environmentally. Although this recent economic growth has ...
  • Farm Restructuring in Transition: Land Distribution in Russia 

    Serova, Eugenia (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The agrarian reform of the 1990s in Russia was targeted at transforming the formerly state-owned and centrally planned agriculture sector to a market-oriented one. The reform dramatically changed farm structure and land ...
  • Policy Measures for Pastoralists in Niger 

    Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Pastoralism is often misunderstood, labeled “backward” and “irrational,” and considered environmentally destructive by many policy makers. Bias toward settled farmers has historically dominated research institutions, ...
  • Managing Drought Risks in the Low-Rainfall Areas of the Middle East and North Africa 

    Hazell, Peter (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    The need to improve methods for managing drought risks in the low-rainfall areas of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has increased in recent decades as population growth and climate change have contributed to greater ...
  • Famine and Food Insecurity in Ethiopia 

    von Braun, Joachim; Olofinbiyi, Tolulope (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa, is home to about 75 million people. The country has a tropical monsoon climate characterized by wide topographic-induced variations. With rainfall highly ...

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