Food security is defined as access to sufficient food to meet the energy and nutrient requirements for a healthy and productive life. The majority of food-insecure people live in rural areas of developing countries. Their food security is heavily influenced by poverty, access to resources, and fluctuations in weather patterns and markets. Household and individual food security is also influenced by household behavior in general and intrahousehold allocations in particular, which in turn, are influenced by knowledge, promotion, and advertising. The cases in this section explain how government policies can reduce food insecurity caused by rural poverty and fluctuations in weather patterns and markets to which the rural poor are exposed, as well as change household allocative behavior and regulate external influences such as food advertising by retailers and wholesalers.

Recent Submissions

  • Cuba's Food-Rationing System and Alternatives 

    Carter, Andrea (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2013)
    The global financial crisis of recent years has prompted a review of Cuba's economy—one of the most enduring aspects of Cuban society. Led by reform-minded President Raúl Castro, Cuba is embarking on some of the most ...
  • Zambia and Genetically Modified Food Aid 

    Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    In 2002 the Zambian government rejected 35,000 tons of food aid because of the possibility that it could be genetically modified (GM). During this time roughly 3 million people in Zambia faced severe food shortages and ...
  • Intrahousehold Allocation, Gender Relations, and Food Security in Developing Countries 

    Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Smith, Lisa C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Many important decisions that affect development outcomes are made by households and families. What factors affect the way resources are allocated within the household? Why does the division of rights, resources, and ...
  • Niger's Famine and the Role of Food Aid 

    Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Since the mid-1970s Niger has suffered from political instability and corruption. Following a 1996 coup, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) worked with Niger to implement various structural adjustment ...
  • Surviving Shocks in Ethiopia: The Role of Social Protection for Food Security 

    Hiensch, Annick (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Ethiopia has suffered from frequent disasters such as droughts, famines, epidemics, floods, landslides, earthquakes, civil wars, and mass displacement, as well as rapid declines in major export commodity prices. The ...
  • Food Advertising Policy in the United States 

    Gantner, Leigh (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
    Marketing food to children is a complex, creative, and well-funded business in the United States. Food manufacturers are estimated to spend up to US$10 billion a year marketing foods to children, using a variety of techniques ...


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