Lie To Me: Compliant False Accusations By Children
In contrast to the literature showing that repeated suggestive interviews can contaminate children's memory, in the current study we simply asked children to make a false accusation in order to help others. Results demonstrated that children would comply with an adult's request to make an accusation even if they did not have first-hand knowledge of its accuracy. Interestingly, the initial compliance seemed to create false memories in some young children because they subsequently claimed to remember seeing the false event. In a second study we further explored the extent to which children would come to remember their own false statements. High rates of false memory were found in both children and adults when they believed their statements were accurate. In addition, younger participants also developed false memories for statements that they had previously believed were false. The findings of both experiments illustrate the dangers of pressing children to make accusations. Keywords: interviewing, memory, witnesses, age differences.
interviewing; memory; witnesses
Ceci, Stephen John
Brainerd, Charles; Blume, John H
M.A. of Developmental Psychology
Master of Arts
dissertation or thesis