Strategic Orthodoxy And Innovation Incentives In Science Studies
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This dissertation examines the invisible and visible colleges of contemporary Science Studies; a nascent, diffusing Social/Intellectual Movement largely contained within modern universities. Three main empirical studies underpin this examination. Firstly, network analysis of bibliography works in Social Studies of Science. Based on measures for article orthodoxy and closeness centrality, results show that orthodox contributions were more cited in nascent, foundational periods, while interstitial ideas were more valued in later time periods. Secondly, the various institutional niches Science Studies scholars have carved out are examined. Drawing on the newness and unique malleability of their field, professional advantages have been derived from enacting varying degrees of intellectual closure and quasi-disciplinary organizational forms. Thirdly, to examine the factors underpinning success, citation analysis is conducted of a seminal Science Studies book, Laboratory Life. Prominence and orthodoxy of a scholar positive influence the likelihood of citing the book, but these trends decline over time. This suggests that books and ideas can have very different meanings and life-cycles in different communities.
innovation; networks; creativity
Tolbert, Pamela S; Soule, Sarah Anne
Ph. D., Sociology
Doctor of Philosophy
dissertation or thesis