Diffusion Of Sodium In Mixed Glass Former Oxide Glasses
The mixed glass former effect (MGFE) is a non-linear variation of transport properties as a function of the glass former composition when one glass network former is replaced by another one. In order to better understand the MGFE, the effect of the variation of the glass former composition on the transport of a selected ion was studied. The composition and temperature dependencies of sodium tracer diffusion coefficients, D* , were determined for different mixed glass Na former oxide glasses, which are two types of sodium borosilicate glasses, sodium boroaluminosilicate glasses and a commercial, ion-exchangeable alkali aluminosilicate glass. In the case of sodium borosilicate glasses of the type (Na2O)0.2[(BO1.5)x(SiO2)1!x]0.8, the tracer diffusion coefficient of sodium as a function of the glass composition at constant temperatures between 208 and 503 °C shows a shallow minimum at values of the composition parameter x of around 0.7. Values determined for the Haven-ratio, HR, are all smaller than one and show as a function of x a shallow minimum at x . 0.7. Some structural information was obtained by analyzing 11 B magic-angle-spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of this series of glass samples indicated above. For another type of sodium borosilicate glasses, (Na2O)0.2(B2O3)y(SiO2)0.8!y, the tracer diffusion coefficient of sodium decreases with an increase of the value of the composition parameter y at constant temperatures between 208 and 346 °C. At temperatures below about 2/3 of the glass transition temperature, the temperature dependencies of the measured tracer diffusion coefficients are of Arrhenius-type; at higher temperatures a slight increase in the temperature dependence with increasing temperature was observed. For both iron-free and iron-containing sodium boroaluminosilicate glasses of the types [(Na 2 O) 0. 71 (B 2 O 3 ) 0. 24 (Fe 2 O 3 ) 0. 05 ] 0. 2 [(SiO 2 ) x (Al 2 O 3 ) 1 ! x ] 0. 8 a nd [(Na2O)0.743(B2O3)0.253(As2O3)0.004]0.18[(SiO2)x(Al2O3)1!x]0.82 with x varying from 0.8 to 1 at constant temperatures between 198 and 350 °C, the sodium tracer diffusion coefficients were found to decrease with a decrease of the concentration of alumina. The composition dependence of the sodium tracer diffusion coefficients is related to structural changes which are found to occur by analyzing 27Al and 11B MAS NMR spectra of the glass samples studied. A commercial, ion-exchangeable alkali aluminosilicate glass (Corning Code 2317) developed for being used to produce chemically strengthened glass by ion exchange was also studied for the temperature dependence of the sodium tracer diffusion in it. Whether different glass samples take up water during annealing in moist atmospheres and whether water taken up can influence the diffusion of sodium was also investigated. iv
Muller, David Anthony; Hennig, Richard G.
Materials Science and Engineering
Ph. D., Materials Science and Engineering
Doctor of Philosophy
dissertation or thesis