Convergence rate of Markov chain methods for genomic motif discovery
Woodard, Dawn B.
We analyze the convergence rate of a popular Gibbs sampling method used for statistical discovery of gene regulatory binding motifs in DNA sequences. This sampler satisfies a very strong form of ergodicity (uniform). However, we show that, due to multimodality of the posterior distribution, the rate of convergence often decreases exponentially as a function of the length of the DNA sequence. Specifically, we show that this occurs whenever there is more than one true repeating pattern in the data. In practice there are typically multiple, even numerous, such patterns in biological data, the goal being to detect the most well-conserved and frequently-occurring of these. Our findings match empirical results, in which the motif-discovery Gibbs sampler has exhibited such poor convergence that it is used only for finding modes of the posterior distribution (candidate motifs) rather than for obtaining samples from that distribution. Ours appear to be the first meaningful bounds on the convergence rate of a Markov chain method for sampling from a multimodal posterior distribution, as a function of statistical quantities like the number of observations.
Gibbs sampler; slow mixing