Transition Path Sampling and Forward Flux Sampling. Applications to Biological Systems.
Escobedo, F.A.; Borrero, E.E.; Araque, J.C.
The last decade has seen a rapid growth in the number of simulation methods and applications dealing with the sampling of transition pathways of rare nanoscale events. Such studies are crucial, for example, for understanding the mechanism and kinetics of conformational transitions and enzymatic events associated with the function of biomolecules. In this review, a broad account of transition path sampling approaches is provided, starting from the general concepts, progressing to the specific principles that underlie some of the most important methods, and eventually singling out the so-called forward flux sampling method for a more detailed description. This is done because forward flux sampling, despite its appealing simplicity and potential efficiency, has thus far received limited attention from practitioners. While path sampling methods have a widespread application to many types of rare transitional events, here only recent applications involving biomolecules are reviewed, including isomerization, protein folding, and enzyme catalysis.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Previously Published As
Fernando A Escobedo et al 2009 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 333101