Introduction to a Special Issue on Improving Private Regulation of Labor in Global Supply Chains: Theory and Evidence
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Amengual, Matthew; Kuruvilla, Sarosh
[Excerpt] As we write this introductory essay on private regulation in global supply chains, we are in the midst of a pandemic caused by COVID-19. Beyond the health care crisis, the economic disruption is devastating. Millions of workers in global supply chains are losing their jobs as companies cut production in response to declining demand. This trend is especially true of the apparel supply chain, which is the key focus of the articles in this special issue. As Mark Anner’s timely survey in March 2020 suggests, more than 70% of apparel workers furloughed or laid off in Bangladesh were sent home without pay, and less than 20% were paid their severance pay—a violation of the basic private regulation principles laid down in the codes of conduct of most apparel retailers (Anner 2020). Similar stories emanate from other apparel exporting countries, such as Cambodia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia. Around the globe, economic shocks transmitted through global supply chains are wreaking havoc on vulnerable workers who lack basic protections.
global supply chains; labor standards; private regulation; corporate codes of conduct
Previously Published As
Amengual, M. & Kuruvilla, S. (2020). Introduction to a special issue on improving private regulation of labor in global supply chains. ILR Review, 73(4), pp. 809-816.
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