TOPOLOGICAL PHONON-MAGNON HYBRID EXCITATIONS IN TWO-DIMENSIONAL HONEYCOMB FERROMAGNET
We develop a phonon-magnon interaction model for the two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb ferromagnet and calculate the band structure of the hybrid phonon-magnon excitation. When the phonon (either acoustic or optical) energy overlaps with the magnon energy, the degeneracies at the crossing points are lifted by the phonon-magnon interaction, leading to topological band inversion. We show that the Berry curvatures are nonzero around the phonon-magnon band crossing areas but vanish throughout the rest of the Brillouin zone. We calculate the thermal Hall conductance enabled by the phonon-magnon interaction, which is also an indicator of nontrivial topological properties. Moreover, we show that band topologies can be manipulated by varying spin exchange coupling strengths and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions (DMI) strengths.
2D magnetic material; phonon-magnon; topological properties
Benedek, Nicole A.
Materials Science and Engineering
M.S., Materials Science and Engineering
Master of Science
dissertation or thesis