The Buffering Effects of Cumulative Resource Availability on Socioemotional Outcomes among Low-income Adolescents
Rural poverty is a highly prevalent, but less frequently studied area of child and adolescent development. Additionally, while cumulative risk is commonly studied, little work exists on cumulative resources. This study utilized a cumulative resource measure consisting of eleven variables within the domains of extracurricular activities, social capital and school quality. Using multiple regressions to compare income groups, we found that cumulative resource availability buffers externalizing, learned helplessness, academic expectations, academic competence and smoking frequency outcomes for low-income adolescents relative to their middle-income peers. No buffering effect was found for internalizing behaviors. Potential pathways for these buffering effects and areas for future research are suggested.
community resource; adolescent