Animal Reproduction: Reflections by Robert Foote

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This is a collection of books, articles, presentations, audio files and videos that are available as a DVD from Internet-First Univeristy Press. This DVD presents a sweeping, century-long history of research into reproduction in animals, with special emphasis upon dairy cattle. Four scientists and their careers are highlighted:

(1) Samuel Leonard (26 November 1905 - ) ... When Samuel Leonard turned 100 on Nov. 26 [2005], few realized that he was a pioneer of one of the most significant medical advances of the 20th century. Leonard played a key role in developing the birth control pill -- which liberated women's attitudes toward sex, galvanized the women's movement and launched the swinging '60s. The Cornell University professor emeritus of zoology, a trailblazer of reproductive endocrinology, is credited with the idea of using estrogen as a contraceptive. He prevented pregnancy in rats with the female sex hormone in a 1931 study, three decades before human birth control pills hit the market. "He is one of the great pioneers in the field of endocrinology," said colleague Ari Van Tienhoven, 83, professor emeritus of animal physiology at Cornell....

(2) Sydney Arthur Asdell (23 August 1897 - 21 February 1987) Sydney Arthur Asdell was a pioneer in the science of reproductive biology, and his fundamental research findings are widely recognized for their contributions to the remarkable development that has occurred in this field. Professor Asdell's early experiments helped to establish the basis for a number of the major advances in the field, including artificial insemination, superovulation, in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and estrous cycle regulation. He established the time of ovulation, the rates of passage of sperm and ova through the reproductive tract, and the important physiological effects of estrogen and progesterone on the reproductive tracts of farm animals. He organized much of the research that eventually led to measurement of blood concentrations of all of the major hormones controlling reproduction in cattle. He carried out a number of experiments to elucidate the hormonal control of lactation....

(3) Glenn Wade Salisbury (2 June 1910 - 3 February 1994) "Early in his career, Glenn Salisbury became the foremost researcher in the world in testing ideas and applying results that revolutionized the breeding of dairy cattle through the development of sound principles and procedures for artificial insemination, with semen from genetically superior sires. This has become the most powerful biotechnology used worldwide for the improvement of cattle. The guiding principles exemplified by Salisbury were good basic research, integrity, and superior accomplishment....

(4) Finally, Robert Hutchinson Foote, himself, whose biography and career are highlighted throughout this collection.


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    Artifical Insemination: The First Great Animal Biotechnology (1941)
    Foote, Robert H. (Internet-First University Press, 2005)
    This is a Lecture by Prof. Robert H. Foote on Artificial Insemination which was the first great Animal Biotechnology.
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    Animal Reproduction DVD: Introduction
    Foote, Robert H. (2006-11-08T14:27:31Z)
    This is the Introduction to the DVD: "Animal Reproduction: Refelections by Robert H. Foote".
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    Credits for Animal Reproduction DVD
    Foote, Robert H. (2006-11-08T14:01:00Z)
    Credits for DVD "Animal Reproduction".
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    A Brief Photo Essay of My Family and Life: The First 81 years
    Foote, Robert H. (Internet-First University Press, 2004)
    This booklet was prepared to provide a pictorial story of Rober Foote's family and life and give personal glimpses not possible to convey in the autobiography "Born to Live and Living to Learn: Autobiography of a Farm Boy, Soldier, Parent and Educator." The photos follow chronologically from his ancestors to the sequence listed in the title of his autobiography. The educational component includes teaching and research.
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    Born to Live and Living to Learn: Autobiography of a Farm Boy, Soldier, Parent and Educator
    Foote, Robert H. (Internet-First University Press, 2003)
    The title of the book gives a synopsis of Robert Foote's life. On page 157 a list of 64 Thank You slides tells the story of a fine dairy farm family life in the depression, University of Connecticut classmates, and on to World War II. Dr. Foote's superb soldiers of Japanese ancestry taught him much about the meaning of life as they have remained friends for over 60 years. Family and university life and challenges over 60 years at Cornell are detailed. Copies of diaries, Christmas letters and reflections of a loving mother when he was 61 years old are inserted to provide unedited personal accounts of life and feelings.
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    Historical Perspective in Principles of Cloning
    Foote, Robert H. (Internet-First University Press, 2002)
    Cloning, or asexual reproduction, is the typical way that simple organisms reproduce. However, mammals normally cannot reproduce asexually. This chapter is part of a book that traces the development of a limited understanding of cellular regeneration that led to the cloning of adult mammals. An explosion of research with stem cells and related areas has followed. This research is designed to understand cellular differentiation, and use this knowledge with the potential of greatly advancing medical practice.
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    Birth Control Pill Pioneer Turns 100
    Leonard, Samuel L. (Internet-First University Press, 2005-12-15)
    This is a slide show [and PDF] of an interview with Sam Leonard conducted on his birthday, November 26, 2005. The conversation with friends was spirited as Sam recounted that in 1931, at 26 years of age, he published two seminal papers. One paper demonstrated that estrogen could be used as a contraceptive pill. The other paper was the first one to demonstrate that the anterior pituitary gland produced two gonadotropins, follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. Sam chuckled as he recounted his discovery that all you needed to do to get female canaries to sing was to give them a male voice with testosterone.
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    As I Remember How It Was (Autobiography of Sam Leonard)
    Leonard, Samuel L. (Internet-First University Press, 1990-05)
    This is an account of a remarkable endocrinologist and a fun-loving, ethical human being. The autobiography combines serious accounts of research with the joys of living, both avidly pursued by Samuel L. Leonard. The autobiography is neatly sectionalized into short chronological periods starting with his birth in 1905 and then following his career after graduating from Rutgers University Phi Beta Kappa. He was among the first to discover the contraceptive effects of estrogen, and reported that two distinct gonadotropins were produced by the anterior pituitary. The account concludes with the death in 1990 of his loving, devoted wife, mother and companion, Olive. His list of 113 outstanding publications is appended.
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    Reminiscence in the Field of Reproductive Physiology and Endocrinology
    Leonard, Samuel L. (Internet-First University Press, 1979-02-27)
    Professor Emeritus Sam Leonard modestly recounts some of his illustrious career starting in the 1920s. Most of the seminar was devoted to early research on the various endocrine glands and their secretions by pioneering endocrinologists. Sam knew many of these pioneers and he provides personal glimpses into their lives and research. It is remarkable how much these brilliant researchers contributed to the field, given the limited resources and technology available to them, and the accuracy with which Professor Leonard recounts their activities. Excerpts from an amateur video recording of his talk are included.
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    Biography of Sydney Asdell
    Foote, Robert H.; Butler, W. Ronald (Internet-First University Press, 2006)
    Dr. Sydney A. Asdell was the first Ph.D. student of F.H.A. Marshall at Cambridge University. Dr. Asdell had an encyclopedic memory. This served him well in teaching and research, and especially in compiling and organizing his book "Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction." This book is a classic compendium of the major facts of reproduction in many species. This brief biography summarizes his life and scientific career.