ItemFebruary 2020 Discussion Memorandum: The Indiana Finance Authority (IFA) Water Infrastructure Finance and Investment Act (WIFIA) LoanMarcy, Alyssa (New York State Water Resources Institute, 2019) ItemFebruary 2020 Update on the Water Infrastructure Finance and Investment Act (WIFIA)Marcy, Alyssa (New York State Water Resources Institute, 2019)In October 2019, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a $436 million Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) loan to the Indiana Finance Authority (IFA), representing the largest initial disbursement under WIFIA to date. IFA will use the proceeds of the loan, together with monies in the State Revolving Fund, to fund 23 water projects. IFA manages Indiana’s Wastewater and Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Loan Programs ItemRural Resilience: Economic Development, Water Resources, and InfrastructureHychka, Kristen (New York State Water Resources Institute, 2019)The Syracuse University Environmental Finance Center (Syracuse EFC) provides technical assistance and training to rural communities in New York State and Puerto Rico for integrated water, wastewater, stormwater, and rural infrastructure resiliency planning; models for sustainable economic development through infrastructure finance; watershed management; flood and drought resiliency; and disaster preparedness. This program includes technical training and individualized assistance to rural communities focused on conducting planning for infrastructure resiliency. ItemData from: Rapid, remote assessment of culvert flooding riskTruhlar, Allison M.; Marjerison, Rebecca D.; Gold, David F.; Watkins, Lisa; Archibald, Josephine A.; Lung, Megan E.; Meyer, Andrew; Walter, M. Todd (2019)These data were used in a technical note presenting an ArcGIS and Python-based tool to support the collection of culvert data and estimation of flooding risk. The tool was applied to a set of culverts, represented by these data, within the Hudson River Estuary watershed of New York State. ItemGas emission data from eight New York State septic systemsTruhlar, Allison M; Brooks, Rachael A; Nandeau, Sarah A; Makarsky, Erin T; Rahm, Brian G; Walter, M Todd (2017-09)This file contains data from a study that quantified and compared GHG emissions from the soil over septic system leach fields and roof vents. At each of eight septic systems in upstate New York, we measured fluxes of CH4, CO2, and N2O using a static chamber method. ItemInvestigating the Effect of Septic Systems on Surface Water Quality in the Cayuga Lake and Hudson River WatershedsTeuffer, Karin (New York State Water Resources Institute, 2015-08-08)The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of septic systems on surface water quality by comparing concentrations of faecal indicator bacteria data to the spatial distribution of septic systems and land use practices. ItemOn-site Wastewater Management Programs: Case StudiesHwang, Sohyeon; Rahm, Brian (New York State Water Resources Institute, 2016-12-05)Used in 20-25% of homes in the United States, on-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) are widespread and can be an efficient and cost-effective alternative to conventional centralized systems if cared for properly. However, poor design and inconsistent maintenance can lead to system failure and negative impacts on nearby water resources. Unfortunately, no federal regulations or uniform standards for the operation and maintenance of these systems currently exist. As such, regional and local governments looking to ensure public health and water quality through system functionality are left to develop and implement management programs. Over the past decades, many municipalities and regional governments, along with the US Environ- mental Protection Agency (EPA), have worked to develop information and guidance on best man- agement and administrative practices with respect to OWTS. Management programs differ according to local regulations and legal structures, stakeholder needs and values, as well as other environ- mental, economic, and social factors. Regardless, learning from past management attempts can be a valuable step for municipalities looking to create their own management system. To help with this process, the Water Resources Institute created the following document containing a collection of case studies from around the US.