Now showing items 1050-1069 of 2082

    • Obesity and Discrimination Among U.S. Lawyers 

      Saporta, Itsik; Halpern, Jennifer J. (1994-06-01)
      A recent federal appeals court ruling barred employment bias against the obese. A reconsideration of claims of discrimination against overweight people is therefore in order. This paper examines the effect of being overweight ...
    • Obits for Labor Unions Are Premature 

      Bronfenbrenner, Kate (1995-01-12)
      [Excerpt] The press recently declared the end of the labor movement. It reported on a major new study by Harvard economist Richard Freeman and Joel Rogers of the University of Wisconsin, suggesting that American workers ...
    • Occupational Competency as a Predictor of Labor Market Performance 

      Bishop, John H. (1988-12-12)
      [Excerpt] The paper examines the suitability of occupational competency measurement as a device for enhancing the accountability of vocational education programs. In order for occupational competency tests to be used as ...
    • Occupational Training in High School: When Does it Pay Off? 

      Bishop, John H. (1988-08-24)
      [Excerpt] About half of all youth either do not complete high school or end their formal education with the high school diploma. Even higher proportions of minority, disadvantaged and handicapped youth do not enter ...
    • Occupations, Organizations, and Boundaryless Careers 

      Tolbert, Pamela S. (1996-01-01)
      [Excerpt] The central premise of this chapter is that, as organizations become less important in defining career pathways and boundaries, occupations will become increasingly more important. While occupational demarcations ...
    • Of Giving and Taking: Applications and Implications of <i>City of Los Angeles, Department of Water & Power v. Manhart</i> 

      Gold, Michael (1979-05-01)
      [Excerpt] This article next explores the economic implications of the various applications of Manhart. Because women outlive men, equal contributions and equal monthly benefits for counterparts make women more costly ...
    • Officer Performance and Compensation in Local Building Trades Unions 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1977-01-01)
      [Excerpt] This paper presents estimates of the relationship between the performance and compensation of local building trades union leaders. A growing literature has revived the common-sense notion that organizations should ...
    • Offshoring: The Evolving Profile of Corporate Global Restructuring 

      Bronfenbrenner , Kate; Luce, Stephanie (2004-01-01)
      For all of the increase in international trade and rising concern about shifting of manufacturing and service jobs away from the United States, there is remarkably little detailed data on the scope of outsourcing. In part ...
    • On a Proper Meta-Analytic Model for Correlations 

      Erez, Amir; Bloom, Matthew C.; Wells, Martin T. (1995-06-01)
      Combining statistical information across studies is a standard research tool in applied psychology. The most common approach in applied psychology is the fixed effects model. The fixed-effects approach assumes that individual ...
    • On Becoming a Strategic Partner: The Role of Human Resources in Gaining Competitive Advantage 

      Barney, Jay B.; Wright, Patrick M. (1997-04-01)
      Although managers cite human resources as a firm's most important asset, many organizational decisions do not reflect this belief. This paper uses the VRIO (value, rareness, imitability, and organization) framework to ...
    • On Estimating the Effects of Increased Aid to Education 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Chaykowski, Richard P. (1988-01-01)
      [Excerpt] The 1983 report, A Nation at Risk, of the National Commission on Excellence in Education decried the state of public education in the United States and suggested a number of reforms. Among their recommendations ...
    • On Guadeloupe, A Fine Blending Of Contrasts 

      Compa, Lance A. (1986-11-16)
      [Excerpt] Contrasts like that mark the French island in the Lesser Antilles chain. Grande-Terre is flat, hot and bright. Its long, straight beaches are a natural extension of low-lying terrain, full of light green sugarcane ...
    • On Inequality Comparisons 

      Fields, Gary S.; Fei, John C. H. (1978-01-01)
      Is one distribution (of income, consumption, or some other economic variable) among families or individuals more or less equal in relative terms than another? Despite the seeming straightforwardness of this question, there ...
    • On Organizations and Oligarchies: Michels in the Twenty-First Century 

      Tolbert, Pamela S.; Hiatt, Shon R. (2009-01-01)
      [Excerpt] A central problem for those interested in studying and explaining the actions of organizations is how to conceptualize these social phenomena. In particular, because organizations are constituted by individuals, ...
    • On Overtime Hours Legislation 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1987-09-01)
      [Excerpt] In the United States, proposals have been periodically introduced into Congress to amend the provisions of the Fair Labour Standards Act (FLSA) to restrict the use of overtime hours and stimulate employment growth. ...
    • On the Interface Between Operations and Human Resources Management 

      Boudreau, John W.; Hopp, Wallace; McClain, John O.; Thomas, L. Joseph (2002-09-22)
      Operations management (OM) and human resources management (HRM) have historically been very separate fields. In practice, operations managers and human resource managers interact primarily on administrative issues regarding ...
    • On the Nature and Importance of Cultural Tightness-Looseness 

      Gelfand, Michele J.; Nishii, Lisa Hisae; Raver, Jana L. (2006-01-01)
      Cross-cultural research is dominated by the use of values despite their mixed empirical support and their limited theoretical scope. This article expands the dominant paradigm in crosscultural research by developing a ...
    • On-Demand Platform Workers in New York State: The Challenges for Public Policy 

      DeVault, Ileen A.; Figueroa, Maria; Kotler, Fred B.; Maffie, Michael; Wu, John (2019-01-01)
      [Excerpt] This report examines one specific subset of New York state’s contingent workforce: on-demand workers who obtain work through online platforms or “apps.” Often referred to popularly as “gig” workers, we use the ...
    • On-The-Job Search in a Labor Market Model: Ex Ante Choices and Ex Post Outcomes 

      Fields, Gary S. (1989-01-01)
      This paper builds a multi-sector labor market model including wage dualism, open unemployment, underemployment, on-the-job search, and expected wage equalization. The innovative feature of this model is the distinction ...
    • On-The-Job Training of New Hires 

      Bishop, John H. (1989-01-12)
      This paper presents an analysis of a unique data set containing measures of the time devoted to training during the first three months on a job and the productivity consequences of that training. The major findings derived ...