Now showing items 41-60 of 95

    • Lecture 2: Nature and Implementation of Food Policy 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-09-04)
      Policy is defined as a plan of collective action. Governments can influence the food systems through regulations, incentives or knowledge creation and dissemination. Government interventions may be needed to correct market ...
    • Lecture 3: Health, Nutrition, Food Security and Poverty Policies 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-09-09)
      This lecture relates to the topics covered in three of the Case Study sections: Human Health and Nutrition Policies, Food Security, Consumption, and Demand Policies, and Poverty Alleviation Policies.
    • Lecture 4: Production, Supply, and Natural Resources Management 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-09-25)
      This lecture concerns topics covered in these Case Study sections: Food Production and Supply Policies and Natural Resource Management Policies.
    • Lecture 5: Domestic Market Policies 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-10-21)
      This lecture illustrates the role of food markets and food marketing in the economy and discuss the links between farmers and markets. The cases discuss policies designed to help integrate small farmers into the market ...
    • Lecture 6: Governance, Institutions, Trade and Globalization Policies 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-11-06)
      This lecture concerns topics covered in these Case Study sections: Governance, Institutions and Macroeconomic Policies and Trade and Globalization Policies.
    • Lecture 7: Ethics, Hunger and Food Policies 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-11-25)
      This lecture addresses the most important ethical issues related to the food system, including the major ethical standards and their relevance for the food system and the pros and cons of using a social welfare function ...
    • Lecture Introduction 

      Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (2008-08-28)
      This is a brief, 4-minute introduction to the course entitled "Food Policy for Developing Countries." In his introduction, Professor Per Pinstrup-Andersen describes the purpose and structure of the course, the target ...
    • Linkages between Government Spending, Growth, and Poverty in India and China 

      Fan, Shenggen (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The objective of this case study is to present a synthesis of the links between government spending— in areas such as agricultural research and development (R&D), irrigation, rural education, and infrastructure (including ...
    • Linkages between Government Spending, Growth, and Poverty in Uganda and Tanzania 

      Fan, Shenggen (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This case study presents a synthesis of the links between government spending— in areas such as agricultural research and development (R&D), irrigation, rural education, and infrastructure (including roads, electricity, ...
    • Managing Drought Risks in the Low-Rainfall Areas of the Middle East and North Africa 

      Hazell, Peter (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The need to improve methods for managing drought risks in the low-rainfall areas of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has increased in recent decades as population growth and climate change have contributed to greater ...
    • Managing Soil Salinity in the Lower Reaches of the Amudarya Delta: How to Break the Vicious Circle 

      Akramkhanov, Akmal; Ibrakhimov, Mirzakhayot; Lamers, John P. A. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Soil salinity is one of the critical factors responsible for the ongoing land degradation in the irrigated lowlands of Central Asia, including in the lower reaches of the Amudarya Delta. This land degradation hinders ...
    • Meeting Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Standards: What Can China Do? 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      It is widely recognized that rising sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards have created numerous obstacles to the international exchange of agricultural commodities. The issue is of particular importance for developing ...
    • Miami Rice in Haiti: Virtue or Vice? 

      Phillips, Erica; Watson, II, Derrill D. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2011)
      Critics of free trade often use Haiti as a poster child for failed trade liberalization policies. In 2010, 15 years after the second round of trade liberalization in Haiti, U.S. President Bill Clinton, who was instrumental ...
    • Migration in Rural Burkina Faso 

      Wouterse, Fleur (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Migration plays an important role in development and as a strategy for poverty reduction. A recent World Bank investigation finds a significant positive relationship between international migration and poverty reduction ...
    • Niger's Famine and the Role of Food Aid 

      Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since the mid-1970s Niger has suffered from political instability and corruption. Following a 1996 coup, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) worked with Niger to implement various structural adjustment ...
    • Persistent Food Insecurity from Policy Failures in Malawi 

      Babu, Suresh; Sanyal, Prabuddha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Even in the era of globalization, several countries in Africa continue to face chronic and persistent food insecurity. Malawi is one such country. Following a weather shock in 2001, Malawi suffered severe food crises during ...
    • Policy Implications of Droughts and Food Insecurity in Malawi and Zambia 

      Philipose, Anandita (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This paper examines the recent droughts in Malawi and Zambia (covering the period 1990–2005 but with a focus on the 2001/2002 Southern African crisis), analyzing the impact of the droughts on food security and the responses ...
    • Policy Measures for Pastoralists in Niger 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Pastoralism is often misunderstood, labeled “backward” and “irrational,” and considered environmentally destructive by many policy makers. Bias toward settled farmers has historically dominated research institutions, ...
    • Preference Erosion, the Doha Round, and African LDCs 

      Yu, Wusheng (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      African least-developed countries (ALDCs) have enjoyed preferential treatment in exporting their agricultural products to developed countries. Reductions of agricultural trade barriers on a mostfavored nation (MFN) basis ...
    • Producer Subsidies and Decoupling in the European Union and the United States 

      Jensen, Maria Skovager; Zobbe, Henrik (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since 1986 agriculture has been a major part of multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and since 1995 under the World Trade Organization (WTO). The main objective of these ...