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Revealing the electronic structure of iridates with light and how it can be controlled through epitaxy

dc.contributor.authorNelson, Jocienne
dc.contributor.chairShen, Kyle M.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKim, Eunah
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSchlom, Darrell
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-15T13:42:28Z
dc.date.available2023-01-11T07:01:25Z
dc.date.issued2020-12
dc.description210 pages
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis we use molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth combined with in situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to control the electronic structure of iridates via epitaxial strain, doping and heterostructuring, where spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and Coulomb repulsion (U) are comparable energy scales leading to emergent correlated and topological properties. We describe adsorption controlled growth methods used to synthesize phase pure, crystalline, iridate thin films including IrO2, SrIrO3 and Sr2IrO4. We report ARPES measurements on IrO2, and discover that it hosts Dirac nodal lines (DNLs). These DNLs are protected against spin-orbit coupling and cross the Fermi level. This means that they are likely responsible for the electronic properties. We demonstrate high quality crystal growth on multiple faces of TiO2 and show, using density functional theory calculations, that epitaxial strain on certain substrates can gap these DNL states. We use substitutional diffusion to synthesize Sr2-xKxIrO4 and measure its electronic structure for the first time. We demonstrate that intrinsic hole doping collapses the Mott gap in contrast with previous reports on Sr2Ir1-xRhxO4. We show that the doping phase diagram of Sr2IrO4 is more symmetric than previously known. This result is significant because it provides insight into the comparison between iridates and cuprate superconductors and informs the search for superconductivity in iridates. Finally, we employ ARPES to investigate how the low-energy electronic structure is modified at an oxide interface. We synthesize and measure a series of heterostructures (SrIrO3)n/(SrRuO3)20 n=1-8 and demonstrate that the interface results in 0.13 electrons being transferred to SrRuO3. This technique provides previously inaccessible information about the electronic structure, giving us novel insights into the origin of the magnetic properties of these heterostructures.
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7298/a7zb-0p52
dc.identifier.otherNelson_cornellgrad_0058F_12289
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/cornellgrad:12289
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/103446
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
dc.subjectInterfaces
dc.subjectIridates
dc.subjectPhotoemission
dc.subjectQuantum Materials
dc.subjectSpectroscopy
dc.subjectThin films
dc.titleRevealing the electronic structure of iridates with light and how it can be controlled through epitaxy
dc.typedissertation or thesis
dcterms.licensehttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/59810
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysics
thesis.degree.grantorCornell University
thesis.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePh. D., Physics

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