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The Impact Of Poverty On Infant Development: A Microanalytic Study Of The Mediating Role Of Parent-Child Interaction During Pretense

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Abstract

Research suggests that poverty impacts cognitive development early, as an economic achievement gap is evident prior to entry into primary school. This study examined 95 low- and middle-income parent-child dyads micro-analytically to test for income related differences in patterns of parent-child interaction during a standardized pretend play task. Sequential analysis suggested differences in parent-child contingency, with middle-income dyads evidencing stronger contingency relationships between parent and child behavior. Importantly, sequential analysis also showed that middle-income infants spend significantly more time in mutual pretend play with parents than low-income 12-month-olds. A full test of the mediation model using a micro-level measure of parent-child interaction as a mediator yielded insignificant results.

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2016-02-01

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Poverty; Pretend play; Cognitive development

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Casasola,Marianella

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Robertson,Steven S
Evans,Gary William

Degree Discipline

Developmental Psychology

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Ph. D., Developmental Psychology

Degree Level

Doctor of Philosophy

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Government Document

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dissertation or thesis

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