Emerging Technologies and Interaction in Architecture Design

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Architecture constantly absorbs and integrates emerging technologies for innovation. In the massive resource era, emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data are affecting and changing our daily lives, giving people more opportunities to obtain information. Advanced 3D printing manufacturing and robotics are transforming how we live, work, do business, practice research, and engage with our communities. Additionally, it is changing how computation visualization, material intelligence and fabrication technologies have begun to alter design, construction and creation from the nano to macro scales. The development and advancement of these emerging technologies inspired architects to think about how to distribute design networks and microfactories to next generation methods for adaptive, low-cost, efficient, sustainable fabrication and construction strategies.Architects have never stopped trying to integrate emerging technology into architecture. At the beginning of the 20th century, Le Corbusier advocated that architecture should learn from transportation. He appreciated the high integration of technology and space in automobiles and airplanes, and believed that “the house is a machine for living in.” Later, “Avant-Garde architects” Archigram, imagined the architecture and urban utopia of the future machine age, taking buildings as a whole to adapt to the environment in their famous urban visions of Walking city, Plug-in city and Computer City. These imagined environments allow architects to embrace science, art, and technology as a whole allowing them to think about the future versions of architecture. These attempts not only have an impact on the construction of the architecture itself, but also have an impact on the interactive relationship between architecture, people and the environment. While exploring the combination of new technologies into the discipline, architects are also exploring the relationship between architecture and users, and architecture and the context. In the process of interaction between creation and influence, various subtle relationships are formed between the space and people. For architects, new technologies could be used in design are sufficient, but the creative integration of existing technologies into buildings is lacking. In order to better integrate these latest technologies into future buildings, we must not only understand the emerging technologies themselves, but also have a deep understanding of the logic behind the technologies, and have clear theories of the interactive relationship between technology, people and the environment. There are three aspects, from the macro to the micro, to creatively integrate existing technology into architectural design. They are as follows: the interaction with the environment, which means the harmony between the architecture and the surrounding humanistic community environment; the interaction with the space, how to make the architectural space better serve users and interact with behaviors, and how buildings can better respond and influence users’ behaviors. This article will be in conjunction with my project at Cornell MS.AAD to illustrate how to integrate emerging technology applications into architecture in terms of environmental interaction, spatial interaction and behavioral interaction.
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23 pages
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Cruvellier, Mark
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Costanza, David
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M.S., Architecture
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Master of Science
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dissertation or thesis
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