Closures Are the Tip of the Iceberg: Exploring the Variation in State Vocational Rehabilitation Program Exits After Service Receipt (Abstract)

Other Titles
State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies play an important role in promoting employment for people with disabilities. However, little information has been available about how many people with disabilities exit after VR service receipt and how exits vary with individual characteristics and across states compared to the general population with disabilities. We used RSA administrative data from fiscal year 2007 and public use files from the American Community Survey to calculate the ratio of the number of individuals completing VR services to the estimated number of working-age people with disabilities in 2007 at the national and state-levels and for demographic, educational, and disability subgroups. Overall, our results show that 1.3 of every 100 working-age adults with a disability living in the community exited a VR agency after receiving services, with state variation ranging from 0.6 percent in Washington and Puerto Rico to 4.0 percent in Vermont. We also found large differences in these numbers across sex, age, racial, ethnic, and educational groups—differences that are much larger in some states than in others. These observed disparities raise questions about why some groups are more likely to complete VR services than others and whether VR agencies should be systematically targeting more resources to certain groups. Further research and additional data collection strategies are needed to better understand how well people with disabilities complete VR agency services.
Journal / Series
Volume & Issue
Date Issued
EDIcat5-DSR; age; disability; disabilities; disable; disabled; handicapped; handicap; learning disability; physical disability; economic; economics; earnings; employment; employ; employing; work; income; lack of income; need; poor; poverty; poverty line; welfare; statistics; charts; data; disability statistics; estimates; information; numbers; statistic; stats; working age; research; definition of disability; need; transition; connecting activities; transitional; transitioning; work-based learning; job coaching; jock coach; affirmative business; rehabilitation; rehabilitate; rehabilitating; rehabilitated; rehabilitative; vocational rehabilitation
Effective Date
Expiration Date
Union Local
Number of Workers
Committee Chair
Committee Co-Chair
Committee Member
Degree Discipline
Degree Name
Degree Level
Related Version
Related DOI
Related To
Related Part
Based on Related Item
Has Other Format(s)
Part of Related Item
Related To
Related Publication(s)
Link(s) to Related Publication(s)
Link(s) to Reference(s)
Previously Published As
Government Document
Other Identifiers
Rights URI
Accessibility Feature
Accessibility Hazard
Accessibility Summary
Link(s) to Catalog Record