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Audio System For Technical Readings

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Abstract

The advent of electronic documents makes information available in more than its visual form ---electronic information can now be display-independent. We describe a computing system, AsTeR, that audio formats electronic documents to produce audio documents. AsTeR can speak both literary texts and highly technical documents (presently in LaTeX) that contain complex mathematics. Visual communication is characterized by the eye's ability to actively access parts of a two-dimensional display. The reader is active, while the display is passive. This active-passive role is reversed by the temporal nature of oral communication: information flows actively past a passive listener. This prohibits multiple views ---it is impossible to first obtain a high-level view and then "look" at details. These shortcomings become severe when presenting complex mathematics orally. Audio formatting, which renders information structure in a manner attuned to an auditory display, overcomes these problems. AsTeR is interactive, and the ability to browse information structure and obtain multiple views enables active listening.

Journal / Series

Volume & Issue

Description

140 pages

Sponsorship

Date Issued

1994-05

Publisher

Keywords

Human Computer Interaction; Audio Formatting Accessibility

Location

Effective Date

Expiration Date

Sector

Employer

Union

Union Local

NAICS

Number of Workers

Committee Chair

Gries, David

Committee Co-Chair

Committee Member

Hopcroft, John
Huttenlocher, Dan
Kozen, Dexter
Dennis, Keith
Guckenheimer, John

Degree Discipline

Applied Mathematics

Degree Name

Ph. D., Applied Mathematics

Degree Level

Doctor of Philosophy

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Related To

http://emacspeak.sourceforge.net/raman/phd-thesis/html/root-thesis.html

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Previously Published As

Government Document

ISBN

ISMN

ISSN

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Rights

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Types

dissertation or thesis

Accessibility Feature

Accessibility Hazard

none

Accessibility Summary

An html version of this work is available at the author's website.

Link(s) to Catalog Record