ILR School

Security Seeking in a Regulatory Focus Whodunit: The Case of the Relative Orientation in Behavioral Economics

Other Titles


[Excerpt] As a complement to other chapters in this handbook, this chapter’s initial focus is about understanding security concerns in interdependent economic decision-making, that is, contexts wherein individuals are asked with distributing resources between two or more parties, typically themselves and another. The economics component of economic decision-making concerns the manufacturing, distribution, and exchange of resources, whether money or ornament-shaped chocolates. The decision-making component involves applying psychological principles, such as motivation, to understanding how individuals choose among alternatives. For these reasons, it is a topic that falls under the study of behavioral economics (Camerer & Loewenstein, 2004; De Cremer, Zeelenberg, & Murnighan, 2006). It is the interdependent component of economic decision-making, however, that helps us investigate individuals' intentions to cooperate or compete, to explore self-interest and its manifestation in individuals' treatment (or lack thereof) of other parties. This intersection of topics allows us to answer the types of questions raised by examples like the one described above, such as, "Why might someone sacrifice her own absolute gains simply to avoid receiving less than someone else?" Understanding the answers to these kinds of questions about how resources are manufactured, distributed, and exchanged is a topic with great ramifications for, among other things, domestic and international politics (e.g., Lancaster, 2007; Waltz, 1979), the funding of research disciplines or functional areas within organizations, deal-making and dispute resolution, and basic survival functions, through the sharing of food, shelter, and other basic resources (e.g., Boyd & Silk, 2012; Hill, 2002).

Journal / Series

Volume & Issue



Date Issued




security; economic decision-making; orientation; behavioral economics


Effective Date

Expiration Date




Union Local


Number of Workers

Committee Chair

Committee Co-Chair

Committee Member

Degree Discipline

Degree Name

Degree Level

Related Version

Related DOI

Related To

Related Part

Based on Related Item

Has Other Format(s)

Part of Related Item

Related To

Related Publication(s)

Link(s) to Related Publication(s)


Link(s) to Reference(s)

Previously Published As

Government Document




Other Identifiers


Required Publisher Statement: © Taylor & Francis. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. Final version published as: Leonardelli, G. J., Bohns, V., & Gu, J. (2015). Security seeking in a regulatory focus whodunit: The case of the relative orientation in behavioral economics. In P. J. Carroll, R. M. Arkin, & A. L. Wichman (Eds.), Handbook of personal security (pp. 225-240). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Rights URI


book chapter

Accessibility Feature

Accessibility Hazard

Accessibility Summary

Link(s) to Catalog Record