Between the Balkans and the Baltic: phylogeography of a common vole mitochondrial DNA lineage limited to central Europe

Other Titles
Abstract
The common vole (Microtus arvalis) has been a model species of small mammal for studying end-glacial colonization history. In the present study we expanded the sampling from central and eastern Europe, analyzing contemporary genetic structure to identify the role of a potential 'northern glacial refugium', i.e. a refugium at a higher latitude than the traditional Mediterranean refugia. Altogether we analyzed 786 cytochrome b (cytb) sequences (representing mitochondrial DNA; mtDNA) from the whole of Europe, adding 177 new sequences from central and eastern Europe, and we conducted analyses on eight microsatellite loci for 499 individuals (representing nuclear DNA) from central and eastern Europe, adding data on 311 new specimens. Our new data fill gaps in the vicinity of the Carpathian Mountains, the potential northern refugium, such that there is now dense sampling from the Balkans to the Baltic Sea. Here we present evidence that the Eastern mtDNA lineage of the common vole was present in the vicinity of this Carpathian refugium during the Last Glacial Maximum and the Younger Dryas. The Eastern lineage expanded from this refugium to the Baltic and shows low cytb nucleotide diversity in those most northerly parts of the distribution. Analyses of microsatellites revealed a similar pattern but also showed little differentiation between all of the populations sampled in central and eastern Europe.
Journal / Series
Volume & Issue
Description
Sponsorship
National Science Centre in Poland (UMO-2013/09/N/NZ8/03205 to JS and N N304 058340 to JMW), European Commission's project No. PIRSES-GA-2009-247652 (BIOGEAST) and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 15-04-03801-a)
Date Issued
2016-12
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Keywords
Location
Effective Date
Expiration Date
Sector
Employer
Union
Union Local
NAICS
Number of Workers
Committee Chair
Committee Co-Chair
Committee Member
Degree Discipline
Degree Name
Degree Level
Related Version
Related To
Related Part
Based on Related Item
Has Other Format(s)
Part of Related Item
Related To
Related Publication(s)
Link(s) to Related Publication(s)
References
Link(s) to Reference(s)
Previously Published As
PLoS ONE (2016), 11(12), e0168621
Government Document
ISBN
ISMN
ISSN
Other Identifiers
Rights
Rights URI
Types
article
Accessibility Feature
Accessibility Hazard
Accessibility Summary
Link(s) to Catalog Record