Understanding and designing technologies for everyday mindfulness beyond meditation for mental well-being

Access Restricted

Access to this document is restricted. Some items have been embargoed at the request of the author, but will be made publicly available after the "No Access Until" date.

During the embargo period, you may request access to the item by clicking the link to the restricted file(s) and completing the request form. If we have contact information for a Cornell author, we will contact the author and request permission to provide access. If we do not have contact information for a Cornell author, or the author denies or does not respond to our inquiry, we will not be able to provide access. For more information, review our policies for restricted content.

No Access Until

Permanent Link(s)

Other Titles



Mindfulness is a powerful tool that helps individuals increase their awareness of the present moment non-judgmentally, thereby supporting mental well-being. Given its evidence-based benefits, numerous mindfulness technologies have been developed to make mindfulness practice more accessible, particularly to teach novices how to practice mindfulness meditation. However, little research has focused on supporting individuals in integrating mindfulness into their daily routines. Taking a research-though-design approach, my dissertation work explores the design of mindfulness technologies beyond supporting meditation for mental-wellbeing. Through semi-structured interviews with 20 mindfulness practitioners, I obtained an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of daily mindfulness experiences and the roles of technology in everyday mindfulness. Based on these insights, I conducted co-design magic machine workshops with 30 mindfulness practitioners to further explore the design space and design considerations of technologies to support this practice. Building on this, I applied a 3-month autoethnographic study and conducted interviews with 10 mindfulness teachers to gain a nuanced and comprehensive understanding of live-stream meditation from both the audience's and the streamer's perspectives. This dissertation provides a rich empirical understanding of everyday mindfulness and technology use, a comprehensive design space to inform the design of mindfulness technology better situating it in one’s daily activities and supporting meaningful mindfulness journeys, and an extension of the co-design magic machine workshop protocol that can be adapted to explore other well-being topics.

Journal / Series

Volume & Issue


233 pages


Date Issued




Co-design; Everyday Mindfulness; First-person Methods; Human-computer Interaction; Mindfulness Technologies; Well-being


Effective Date

Expiration Date




Union Local


Number of Workers

Committee Chair

Leshed, Gilly

Committee Co-Chair

Committee Member

Won, Andrea
Jung, Malte

Degree Discipline

Information Science

Degree Name

Ph. D., Information Science

Degree Level

Doctor of Philosophy

Related Version

Related DOI

Related To

Related Part

Based on Related Item

Has Other Format(s)

Part of Related Item

Related To

Related Publication(s)

Link(s) to Related Publication(s)


Link(s) to Reference(s)

Previously Published As

Government Document




Other Identifiers


Attribution 4.0 International


dissertation or thesis

Accessibility Feature

Accessibility Hazard

Accessibility Summary

Link(s) to Catalog Record