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Language-Dependent Recall Of Autobiographical Memories In English-Mandarin Bilingual Singaporeans

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Abstract

AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES IN BILINGUAL SINGAPOREANS Children start to form autobiographical memories (i.e., personal experiences and ideas about the self) early on and this plays a key role in one's identity and psychological well-being. Previous research has shown that language plays an important role in forming autobiographical memories. Conversations about experiences and reminiscing about the past have been shown to play a critical role in the development of autobiographical memory. In this study, English-Mandarin bilingual participants (N = 22) recalled autobiographical memories in response to six cue words in the first target language (English or Mandarin), and in the second language a week later (English or Mandarin). Results revealed no significant difference in the age of memories recalled in one's first learned language (English) than memories recalled one's second learned language (Mandarin). However, significant differences were found in self-focus ratios between the two languages.

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2016-02-01

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Language; Autobiographical Memory; Singapore

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Union Local

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Committee Chair

Wang,Qi

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Ong,Anthony D.

Degree Discipline

Developmental Psychology

Degree Name

M.A., Developmental Psychology

Degree Level

Master of Arts

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Government Document

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dissertation or thesis

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