Relationships and Hybrid Contracts: An Analysis of Contract Choice in Information Technology
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Selecting the type of contract is an important aspect of governing interfirm transactions. The purpose of this article is to examine the use of fixed-fee and time-and-materials (T&M, or cost-plus) contracts and a hybrid contract that consists of a T&M contract with a cap. In addition to uncertainty and measurement factors, we also address a relatively unexplored aspect of contracting - how the prior relationship between the firms influences the type of contract the firms select. Using data on 394 contracts from the information technology (IT) services industry, we show that T&M contracts are preferred when the cost of measuring quality ex post is high and when it is difficult to estimate costs ex ante. We also find site-specific measures of relationship lead to a preference for tow-powered T&M contracts.
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contracts; time-and-materials; information technology
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Required Publisher Statement: © Oxford University Press. Final version published as: Kalnins, A., & Mayer, K. J. (2004). Relationships and hybrid contracts: An analysis of contract choice in information technology. Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, 20(1), 207-229. doi: 10.1093/jleo/ewh030 Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.