ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND DAIRY PRODUCTION: Fact Sheet
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Based on a 2007 study representing 79.5% of US dairy operations and 82.5% of US dairy cows; antibiotics were used therapeutically by ~85% of US dairy operations to treat cow mastitis and by over 50% to treat respiratory, reproductive and lameness issues. More than 60% of dairies used antibiotics to treat respiratory problems in weaned calves and heifers, and to treat respiratory problems and diarrhea in unweaned calves. To prevent disease and promote healthy growth, 90.1% of US dairy operations practiced dry cow therapy, 18.2% fed antibiotics in heifer rations, and 57.5% fed medicated milk replacer to unweaned calves.
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This research was supported by the United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA) Grant# 2016-68003-24601. The content of this work is solely the authors’ responsibility and does not necessarily represent the official views of the USDA NIFA.
dairy; antibiotics; resistance; residuals
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