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DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS OF FOOD SERVICES IN A RURAL ENVIRONMENT: A CASE STUDY OF CHENANGO, DELAWARE, AND OTSEGO COUNTY

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Abstract

Access to healthy and affordable food is essential in improving health conditions. However, rural areas in the US face challenges with limited access to grocery stores and the relative abundance of dollar stores and convenience stores. This study focuses on Chenango, Delaware, and Otsego counties in upstate New York to examine the distribution patterns of food services in rural communities. By analyzing the distribution patterns and spatial associations among various food services through mapping and spatial point pattern analysis techniques, and using T-test analysis to determine the socioeconomic characteristics of their locations, the research aims to provide insights into the food environment and propose solutions to enhance access to nutritious food for rural residents. Findings reveal food deserts. Supermarkets and specialty food stores cluster in population centers due to the large market. Food pantries are most evenly distributed and their locations are primarily driven by the level of demand.

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2023-05-18

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Rural food environment; Spatial point pattern analysis; T-test Analysis; Socioeconomic characteristics

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Government Document

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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case study

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