Dairy Farm Business Summary: Intensive Grazing Farms New York 1997

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The farms included in the study are a subset of New York State farms participating in the Dairy Farm Business Summary (DFBS). Fifty-two farms indicated that they grazed dairy cows at least three months, moving to a fresh paddock at least every three days and more than 30% of the forage consumed during the growing season was from grazing. Operator of these 52 farms were asked to complete a grazing practices survey. Thirty-seven of the farms did complete it. The investigators chose to eliminate from the study those farms which owned no real estate. Of the 46 remaining farms, surveys were obtained from 35. The investigators had special interest in practices used on farms with above average profitability Therefore the study centered on 35 farms which were not first year grazers and on which at least 40 percent of forage consumed during the grazing season was grazed. These 35 farms were divided on the basis of net farm income (without appreciation) per cow above and below $194 which was the average for all farms participating in DFBS. Nineteen farms with net farm income per cow above $194 are in the "More Profitable" group and sixteen farms with net farm income per cow below $194 comprise the "Less Profitable" group. The primary objective of the dairy farm business summary, DFBS, is to help farm managers improve the business and financial management of their business through appropriate use of historical farm data and the application of modern farm business analysis techniques. This information can also be used to establish goals that will enable the business to better meet its objectives. In short, DFBS provides business and financial information needed in identifying and evaluating strengths and weaknesses of the farm business.

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E.B. 98-14
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Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University
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