Employment Transitions and Occupational Mobility in Europe: The Impact of the Great Recession
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[Excerpt] The aim of this report is to investigate the effect of the Great Recession on labour market flows and to explicitly link these individual-level transitions to the broad labour market developments during the crisis, such as the surge in unemployment and the phenomenon of job polarisation. To do this, and building on the ‘jobs-based approach’ used in Eurofound’s European Jobs Monitor, this study introduces a new occupational framework for studying labour market flows; this takes into account the quality of the jobs from and into which the flows are taking place by differentiating them into wage quintiles. This is useful not only in making it easier to link with previous research on structural labour market developments, but also to evaluate the nature and implications of these flows. The study offers a comprehensive and detailed picture of transitions between labour market states (employment, unemployment and inactivity) and within employment by job quality (wage) quintiles. The analysis is carried out by comparing six European countries (France, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK) that were selected as being representative of different institutional clusters. It is differentiated into three separate time periods: just before the crisis (2006–2007), immediately after (2009–2010), and a few years into the crisis (2012–2013), when some countries started to recover and others continued to experience recession.
Europe; Great Recession; labor market; unemployment; job quality