On Distance Coloring
MetadataShow full item record
Kozen, Dexter; Sharp, Alexa
Call a connected undirected graph (d,c)-colorable if there is a vertex coloring using at most c colors such that no two vertices of distance d or less have the same color. It is well known that (1,2)-colorability is decidable in linear time, but (1,c)-colorability for c greater than or equal to 3 is NP-complete. Sharp (2007) shows that for fixed d greater than or equal to 2, the (d,c)-colorability problem is solvable in linear time for c less than or equal to 3d/2 and NP-complete otherwise. In this note we give an alternative construction that improves the upper time bound as a function of d for the case c less than or equal to 3d/2. The construction entails a generalization of the notion of tree decomposition and bounded treewidth (Robertson and Seymour 1986) to arbitrary overlay graphs, not just trees, which may be of independent interest.
computer information science; Computational Complexity; technical report
Previously Published As